D-limonene


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D-limonene

extracted from the oil of citrus peel, used as an external parasiticide on dogs, but may be toxic to cats.
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D-Limonene mechanistic data and risk assessment: absolute species-specific cytotoxicity, enhanced cell proliferation, and tumor promotion.
Wattenberg LW, Coccia JB (1991) Inhibition of 4-(methylnitrosoamino)-1-butanone carcinogenesis in mice by d-limonene and citrus fruit oils.
All O VOC concentrations were low compared with other measurement locations but displayed some seasonal variability, with five compounds (chloroform, p-dichlorobenzene, d-limonene, [alpha]-pinene, and trichloroethylene) more frequently detectable and at higher concentrations in spring compared with winter.
A chemopreventive effect of d-limonene against N-nitrosodiethylamine alone, and along with phenobarbital-induced hepatocarcinogenesis in mice, has also been demonstrated.
In the first series of experiments, 10 mL of d-limonene (Aldrich Chemical, Inc.
Table 1: Popular Essential Oils in Soap and Cosmetic Formulations Common Name Vanilla Almond Sandalwood Oil Cinnamon Oil Lemon Oil Peppermint Oil Lavender Oil Rose Oil Botanical Source Vanilla planifolia Prunus dulcis Santalum album Cinnamomum zeylanicum Citrus sinensis Mentha piperita Lavandula angustifolia Rosa hybrida Key Chemical Constituents Vanillin, Ethyl vanillin Benzaldehyde, mandelonitrile [alpha]- and ([beta]-Santalol, lanceal Cinnamaldehyde d-Limonene, Geraniol, Citral I-Menthol Linalool Citral, [beta]-phenyl ethanol, other
Because orange oil is 90% d-limonene, it can be used instead of d-limonene for many applications.
axyridis to D-limonene and terpinolene with aphids: The experimental conditions were the same as in (e), but 60 aphids (wingless spirea aphids, starved for 3 h) were applied to an apple tree on both sides at 2 h before testing.
Oral administration of d-limonene controls inflammation in rat colitis and displays anti-inflammatory properties as diet supplementation in humans.
Besides methyl soyate, d-limonene and lactate esters are also high growth markets.
Encapsulation of d-limonene flavors using spray drying: Effect of the addition of emulsifiers
But at the same time, lower orange juice supply has created a shortage of d-limonene, which is a key component of many cleaners due to its excellent degreasing properties.