Identification of avian- and mammalian-derived bloodmeals in Aedes vexans and Culiseta melanura
(Diptera: Culicidae) and its implication for West Nile virus transmission in Connecticut, U.
Eastern Equine Culiseta melanura
Eastern seaboard, encephalitis (EEE) Gulf Coast, Midwest virus Western Equine Culex tarsalis; also Western U.
EEE was first isolated in the United States in 1933 and is transmitted by Culiseta melanura
, a mosquito that lives in fresh water swamps and rarely bites animals.
Intraspecific variation in key morphological characters of Culiseta melanura
EEEV is transmitted in marshes and swamps in an enzootic bird-mosquito-bird cycle primarily by the mosquito Culiseta melanura
Enzootic circulation of EEEV in eastern North America is primarily supported by a variety of avian reservoirs in the order Passeriformes and by the highly ornithophilic mosquito vector, Culiseta melanura
, in freshwater swamp habitats.
The Culex species is a WNV vector, and EEE involves several species of mosquito vectors, including Culiseta melanura
, a bird-biting mosquito.
restuans (nine), Culiseta melanura
(three), unidentified Aedes/Oc.
Infection and transmission of Eastern equine encephlomyelitis virus with colonized Culiseta melanura
In addition, WNV was detected in three pools of Culiseta melanura
, one pool of Psorophora ferox, and one pool of Anopheles punctipennis.
(Coquillett), the main enzootic vector of EEEV, breeds abundantly in these swamps (9).
10] PFU of eastern equine encephalitis virus is deposited into capillary tubes filled with oil by the vector Culiseta melanura