Epizootic hemorrhagic disease is an infectious, noncontagious viral disease of ruminants, transmitted by insects of the genus Culicoides
; it mostly affects whitetailed deer and cattle.
BEF virus can spread rapidly and was isolated from different biting insect vectors including species of Culicoides
mosquitoes (Stram et al., 2005).
The identification of Parahaemoproteus spp in quail in southern Utah implies that appropriate Culicoides
spp vectors are present in the state and that there is potential risk to other birds, such as zoo and aviary populations, wild turkeys, and other game birds.
The virus is transmitted by the midge Culicoides
variipennis, and other culicoids.
blue tongue and Schmallenberg by culicoides
midges and tick transmitted encephalitis, louping ill, Crimean congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), African swine fever (ASF), African horse sickness (AHS), Rift valley fever (RVF) and Vesicular stomatitis.
Wing geometry as a tool for discrimination of Obsoletus group (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae: Culicoides
) in France.
In humans, the OROV is transmitted by the midge (Culicoides
paraensis) and the mosquito (Culex p.
are biting midges (Culicoides
spp.; Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) (Eberhard et al.
Between May and July 2015, in Porto Alegre, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (30[degrees]01 '59 "S and 51[degrees]13' 48" W), 6 horses (Equus caballus) belonging to the same owner presented a history of pruritus and multifocal areas of hair loss suggestive of allergic dermatitis caused by hypersensitivity to Culicoides