Heat generation through Neel-relaxation is due to rapid changes in the direction of magnetic moments, hindered by anisotropy energy that tends to turn the magnetic domain of the magnetic nanoparticle in a given direction according to their crystal lattice structure
These polymeric substances are added to a crude oil and the polymer associates with the wax crystal lattice structure
in a way that blocks or stearically hinders the complete formation of the wax crystal.
Doping is a fundamental chip making process that modifies the electrical properties of a material by incorporating impurities into its crystal lattice structure
. The process is traditionally performed by bombarding the wafer with a beam of dopant ions moving at high speed.
It is any kind of metal such as iron, that has been heated to a liquid and then cooled so quickly its atoms can't form back into their usual crystal lattice structure
. The nearly random arrangement of atoms makes metallic glass hard to deform or bend out of shape: The atoms readily spring back into place.