Freeze-thaw pretreatment was found to significantly affect the structure of the CGM, and satisfactory extraction yields for the lutein, zeaxanthin, [beta]-carotene, and cryptoxanthin
and other bioactive compounds were obtained through the FT treatment.
There was also a difference in cryptoxanthin
concentration, with nAR (16.45 [+ or -] 6.39 [micro]mol/ml, p = 0.003) and LTNP (18.73 [+ or -] 8.00 [micro]mol/ml, p = 0.041) having higher levels than the cART groups (tAR, 7.44 [+ or -] 3.88 and tIR, 7.33 [+ or -] 2.04 [micro]mol/ml) and than nIR (10.08 [+ or -] 5.55 [micro]mol/ml).
The wavelength used was 455 nm for carotenoids (lutein, cryptoxanthin
, lycopene, and [beta]-carotene), 325 nm for retinol, and 290 nm for [alpha]-tocopherol.
These two cultivars also showed high cryptoxanthin
concentrations, with values greater than twice that found in other cultivars.
It also possesses flavonoids like beta-carotene, zeaxanthin and cryptoxanthin
, which are known for their ability to help lower the risk of lung and mouth cancers, protect against neurological diseases, slow the aging process and fight inflammation.
** Mixed carotenoids 300 meg (as alpha-carotene, zeaxanthin, cryptoxanthin
, and lutein)
People who consumed the highest levels of the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin had a 40 percent lower risk for advanced AMD compared with those who consumed the least, while people who consumed beta cryptoxanthin
, alpha carotene, and beta carotene had a 25 to 35 percent lower risk.
Nuts contain a wide variety of polyphenols including resveratrol, lutein, cryptoxanthin
and many others.
2 BASIL contains high levels of betacarotene, vitamin A, cryptoxanthin
, lutein and zeaxanthin antioxidants.
5 CINNAMON flavonoid supplies anti-oxidants such as lutein carotenes and cryptoxanthin
Besides bixin and norbixin, other compounds such as isobixin, beta-carotene, cryptoxanthin
, lutein, zeaxanthin, orellin, bixein, bixol, crocetin, ishwarane, ellagic acid, salicylic acid, threonine, tomentosic acid, tryptophan, and phenylalanine have been found in the seeds of annatto.
The anti-hypertensive effect of carotenoids is supported by a follow-up study in which the concentrations of sum of four serum carotenoids (acarotene, [beta]-carotene, lutein/zeaxanthin, and cryptoxanthin
) were inversely correlated with incident hypertension after 20 years .