Isolation of Cryptococcus neoformans
from environmental samples of Curitiba and metropolitan region (Parana, Brazil), and susceptibility antifungal testing.
, Cryptococcusgattii: serotypes in Venezuela.
Molecular epidemiology of Cryptococcus neoformans
in Brazil and the United States: evidence for both local genetic differences and a global clonal population structure.
and Mycobacterium bovis causing granulomatous pneumonia in a goat.
Arora et al., "Antifungal and anti-biofilm activity of essential oil active components against Cryptococcus neoformans
and Cryptococcus laurentii," Frontiers in Microbiology, vol.
Vaishnav et al., "Cryptococcus neoformans
and cryptococcal glucuronoxylomannan, galactoxylomannan, and mannoprotein induce different levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells," Infection and Immunity, vol.
meningitis with negative cryptococcal antigen: Evaluation of a new immunochromatographic detection assay.
Chen et al., "Predominance of Cryptococcus neoformans
(2-4) The most common causative agents in birds are Cryptococcus neoformans
, which has a worldwide distribution, and Cryptococcus gattii, which is geographically restricted to warmer climates by its strong association with eucalyptus trees.
Cryptococcal meningitis is a fungal infection most commonly caused by Cryptococcus neoformans
and more rarely by Cryptococcus gattii.
(8.) Karkowska-Kuleta J, Rapala-Kozik M, Kozik A (2009) Fungi pathogenic to humans: molecular bases of viruence of Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans
and Aspergillus fumigatus.
is a recognised pathogen isolated from pigeons faeces and reported to cause severe and lethal infections in human,23 but in our study it was not isolated in high rate.