Crotalus


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Crotalus

 [krot´ah-lus]
a large genus of venomous rattlesnakes with numerous species in North America and others in Central and South America. See also snakebite.

Crotalus

(krot'ă-lŭs),
A genus of rattlesnakes (family Crotalidae) native to North America, having large fangs that are replaced periodically throughout life and a venom that is both neurotoxic and hemolytic. The largest species are the diamondbacks of the southern states (Crotalus adamanteus) and western states (Crotalus atrox); the smallest are the pigmy rattlers (Sistrurus miliarius barbouri, S. miliarius streckeri, and S. miliarius miliarius.
[G. krotalon, a rattle, fr. krotos, a rattling noise]
References in periodicals archive ?
Similarity of 86.7% was observed with both Small-headed sea snake (Microcephalophis gracilis) and Eastern diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus adamanteus).
Species Locality (n) Salvator merianae Vicosa-MG (3) Enyalius bilineatus Vicosa-MG (1) Amphisbaena alba Vicosa-MG (1) Chironius fuscus Aripuana-MG (1) Chironius flavolineatus Botucatu-SP (1) Xenopholis undulatus Florestal-MG (1) Helicops angulatus Aripuana-MG (3) Erythrolamprus viridis Varzea Alegre-CE (6) and Aiuaba-CE (1) Crotalus durissus Botucatu-SP (1) Species Helminths P Salvator merianae Physaloptera tupinambae 175 Enyalius bilineatus Strongyluris oscari 16 Amphisbaena alba Semenoviella amphisbaenae 26 Chironius fuscus Paracotyletrema sp.
(2015) en los viperidos Crotalus horridus, Sistrurus catenatus y Sistrurus miliarius; donde las lesiones faciales fueron causadas por O.
Honorio et al., "A novel phospholipase [A.sub.2] (D49) from the venom of the Crotalus oreganus abyssus (North American Grand Canyon rattlesnake)," BioMed Research International, vol.
Bon, "Multiplicity of acidic subunit isoforms of crotoxin, the phospholipase A2 neurotoxin from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom, results from posttranslational modifications," Biochemistry, vol.
Venom variability and envenoming severity outcomes of the Crotalus scutulatus (Mojave rattlesnake) from southern Arizona.
asper and Crotalus basiliscus obtained from specimens collected in Mexico and kept at the serpentarium of BIRMEX.
Acosta, "Rabbit IgG antibodies against phospholipase [A.sub.2] from Crotalus durissus terrificus neutralize the lethal activity of the venom," Medicina, vol.
Al realizar la georeferenciacion de los tipos de serpientes por genero, se hallo que el municipio de Ariguani es el unico lugar donde se encuentran los cuatros tipos de generos de serpientes existentes en el departamento (Bothrops, Crotalus, Micrurus y Lachesis), seguido del municipio de Cienaga con tres generos (Bothrops, Crotalus y Micrurus).