Crotalaria


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Crotalaria

a plant genus of the legume family Fabaceae. There are many species and most of them are poisonous. They all contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids which cause damage in liver, lungs and in pigs in the kidney. Called also rattlepods. The diseases caused have many names including walkabout, Kimberley horse disease, stywesiekte and jaagsiekte.
Includes as causes of liver damage, lung damage and dummy syndrome in horses and cattle: C. anagyroides, C. barkae (C. geminiflora), C. burkeana, C. crispata, C. dissitiflora (gray rattlepod), C. dura (wild lucerne), C. globifera (wild lucerne), C. goreensis (Gambia pea), C. juncea (sunn hemp), C. lachnocarpoides, C. mauensis, C. mesopontica, C. mitchelli, C. mucronata, C. novae-hollandiae, C. pallida, C. polysperma (C. saltiana, C. striata), C. retusa (wedge-leafed rattlepod), C. rhodesiae, C. rotundifolia, C. sagittalis, C. spectabilis (C. retzii, C. sericea), C. steudneri (C. hispida), C. zimmermannii.
Includes as causes of esophageal ulceration in horses: C. aridicola (Chillagoe horse poison), C. medicaginea (C. trifoliastrum).
Includes as a cause of pulmonary edema: C. eremaea, C. spartioides, C. pallida.
References in periodicals archive ?
Genotoxicity and morphological changes induced by the alkaloid monocrotaline, extracted from Crotalaria retusa, in a model of glial cells.
The height of Crotalaria juncea, in the evaluated weeks, did not suffer significant residual effect of the factors studied (Table 2).
92) As far as Category 1, which provides the most exciting potential for discovering the agency of maroons in shaping the environment of the Mascarenes, we identified eight potential plants: Abrus precatorius, Cajanus scarabaeoides, Canna indica, Crotalaria retusa, Flacourtia indica, Passiflora foetida, Poupartia borbonica, and Solanum macrocarpon.
Previous reports have shown that pyrrolizidine alkaloids are the main active components of Crotalaria burhia.
Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) on Crotalaria spectabilis in Campo Novo do Parecis, MT, Brazil.
The Organic planting ribbon (OPR) was made from two different materials; the upper layer which called as the stable sheet was composed of the water hyacinth (Eichorniacrassipes (Mart) Solm) and banana (Mussaparadisiaca) sheath the ratio (w/w) of 60 : 40, and the lower layer which called as the unstable sheet was composed of the water hyacinth (Eichorniacrassipes (Mart) Solm), banana (Mussaparadisiaca) sheath and Crotalaria juncea with the ratio (w/w) of 40 : 40 : 20.
Crotalaria mollicula, Eriosema violaceum, Galactia striata, Rhynchosia longeracemosa, R.
Se usaron las leguminosas canavalia (Canavalia sp), crotalaria (Crotalaria sp) y soya (Glycine max L.
More than 90% frequency was estimated for the 9 taxa Alternanthera sessilis, Achyranthes aspera, Bauhinia variegata, Cassia alata, Cynodon dactylon, Lemna acquinoctialis Mikania indica, Mimosa pudica, and Trema orientalis, while Parthenium hysterophorus, Mallotus philippensis, Enhydra fluctuans, Echinochloa crusgalli, Commelina bengalensis, Bauhinia variegata, Crotalaria pallida, and the fern Ampelopteris prolifera either touched 90% or was very close to it.