crossmatching

crossmatching

 [kros´mach´ing]
a procedure vital in blood transfusions and organ transplantation. The recipient's erythrocytes or leukocytes are incubated with the donor's serum and vice versa. Various testing procedures are then performed to ensure that the donor and recipient have blood group compatibility or histocompatibility. Also written cross matching and cross-matching.

crossmatching

1. The process of mixing a sample of the donor's red blood cells with the recipient's serum (major crossmatching) and mixing a sample of the recipient's blood with the donor's serum (minor crossmatching). It is done before transfusion to determine compatibility of blood.
2. The determination of the compatibility of a donated organ's human leukocyte antigens with the recipient's antigens.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Carranza said a crossmatching of the weapon and the bullets showed the rifle was the same one used in Golla's murder.
"We are crossmatching the suspects on (Morada's) case with other similar cases," Eleazar said.
Bio-Rad provides a wide variety of platforms, reagents, data management, and connectivity solutions to address different blood typing needs, offering efficient and reliable results for blood grouping, phenotyping, crossmatching, antibody screening and identification, direct antiglobulin tests, and single antigen typing.
The blood transfusion department is responsible for the everyday ordering and maintenance of blood stocks, grouping and antibody screening of numerous patients who will never be transfused, just in case, and the crossmatching of all blood actually given to patients.
Some antigens can trigger our immune system to attack transfused blood, which is why transfusions are based on careful blood typing and crossmatching.
Short-term and long-term kidney allograft survival have been shown to be substantially worse among patients with pretransplant anti-HLA DSA detected by cell-based assays using complement-dependent cytotoxicity testing [1] or flow cytometry crossmatching [37], compared with both sensitized patients without anti-HLA DSA and nonsensitized patients.
Wikstrom, "Improved flow cytometry based cytotoxicity and binding assay for clinical antibody HLA crossmatching," Human Immunology, vol.
Because RBC autoantibodies impede RBC alloantibody identification and crossmatching of compatible units, timely blood-product distribution can be delayed, which becomes substantiated during urgent RBC transfusion situations, such as bleeding and life-threatening anemia.
clinical detail, including the HIV status of the recipient, to the hospital blood bank staff, will expedite the crossmatching process and the timely availability of compatible blood.
Therefore, crossmatching in dogs does not need to be done on the first transfusion.