Crocus sativus


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saffron

Chinese medicine
A herb, the flower of which contains crocetin; it is used as an antispasmodic, alterative and cardiotonic, and is believed be an aphrodisiac. Saffron has been used to treat anaemia, cardiovascular disease (hypertension, palpitations and tachycardia), delayed menses, obstetrical problems and muscle spasms. 

Herbal medicine
Saffron is used in Western herbal medicine much in the same way as Chinese medicine.
 
Toxicity
In extreme excess, saffron has caused death in women who have used it as an abortifacient.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The samples were identified to be dried stigma of Crocus sativus L (Iridaceae) by Shuangcheng Ma, the researcher at National Institutes for Food and Drug Control.
Yan et al., "Semi-preparative isolation of crocins from saffron (Crocus sativus L.)," Chromatographia, vol.
Hosseinzadeh, "Attenuation of oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis by ethanolic and aqueous extracts of Crocus sativus L.
Anton, "Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) and major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials," Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol.
Psychological and neuroendocrinological effects of odor of saffron (Crocus sativus).
Clinical applications of saffron (Crocus sativus) and its constituents: a review.
Saffron, botanical name crocus sativus, is the most expensive spice in the world.
Saffron is an expensive spice made from the Crocus sativus flower.
Saffron whose botanical name is crocus sativus is the most expensive spice in the world.
Twenty volunteers took one tablet (200 mg Crocus sativus L.
Plant saffron This pricey spice comes from easy-to-grow saffron crocus (Crocus sativus).
CROCUS sativus will be coming into flower within a couple of months and the annual saffron harvest can begin.