critical thinking

(redirected from Critical thought)

thinking

 [thingk´ing]
ideational mental activity (in contrast to emotional activity); the flow of ideas, symbols, and associations that brings forth concepts and reasons.
autistic thinking self-absorption; preoccupation with inner thoughts, daydreams, fantasies, delusions, drives, and personal logic. It is egocentric, subjective thinking lacking objectivity and preferring a narcissistic, inner, private reality to that with external validity. Used interchangeably with dereistic thinking, although differing in emphasis. Called also autism.
critical thinking a style of reasoning that involves a complex process of reflection and analysis. See accompanying table.
dereistic thinking thinking not in accordance with the facts of reality and experience and following illogical, idiosyncratic reasoning. Used interchangeably with autistic thinking, although not an exact synonym: dereistic emphasizes disconnection from reality and autistic emphasizes preoccupation with inner experience. Called also dereism.
magical thinking that characterized by the belief that thinking or wishing something can cause it to occur.
primary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, primitive thought processes deriving from the id and marked by illogical form, preverbal content, an emphasis on immediate wish fulfillment, and an equating of thought and action. Such processes are characteristic of childhood and of dreams.
secondary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, the more sophisticated thought processes, based on logic, obeying the rules of causality, and consistent with external reality. Such processes are characteristic of mature conscious thought.

crit·i·cal think·ing

(krit'i-kăl thingk'ing)
1. The practice of considering all aspects of a situation when deciding what to believe or what to do.
2. nursing Reflective and reasoned thinking, leading to judgments about what to believe or actions to take in any given situation.

critical thinking

1. The ability to interpret argument, evidence, or raw information in a logical and unbiased fashion.
2. The ability to solve complex problems effectively.

Patient care

Critical thinking in clinical settings involves the ability to solve complex problems effectively, using, for example, close observation, communication skills, consensus building, data mining, empathy, experience, logic, mathematics, pattern recognition, and reasoning.

See also: thinking
References in classic literature ?
It almost seemed to her that those secret, unuttered, critical thoughts had suddenly taken visible and accusing shape and form in the person of this outspoken morsel of neglected humanity.
2) Oftentimes, those affected by decision makers' judgments do not know whether critical thought was applied to a problem, or if the best decision to solve it was made.
The one day Socratic Questioning Workshop focuses on framing questions to elicit critical thought and uses the Paul and Elder elements and standards of critical thinking as a starting point.
As a result, and perhaps more importantly, use of non-nursing critical thinking measures makes it difficult for nurse educators to know whether nursing students have the ability to transfer relevant critical thought into reasoned action or sound decision-making when called on to do so in clinical nursing practice (Rapps et al.
Provide opportunities for team and group activities for promoting critical thought such as case studies, taskrelated group projects, peer reviews, debates, etc.
The broad consensus regarding the importance of critical thinking and the desire to improve it contrasts with the lack of critical thought about its conceptualization and how it should be taught.
Three students wrote initial essays that were not only mechanically competent, but also demonstrated critical thought on the topic and analytic reflection on the assigned reading (Group 2).
He is also known for his emphasis on "strong sense" critical thinking, an open and honest search for the best possible conclusion that involves assessing one' own thinking and acting in accord with the principles of critical thought (Foundation for Critical Thinking, 1998; Paul, 1993).
24-28] Reciprocally, these interdependent, intellectual traits are necessary for critical thought and, ultimately, they become inherent in a critical thinker.
In fact, the primary goal of this course is to bring about critical thought in areas such as professionalism, ethics and responsibility.
Lazere (1992) defines a set of criteria for critical literacy based on higher order critical thought through language.
I think a lot of people don't think through the consequences of what autonomy means, what self-direction means, what critical thought really means.