critical thinking

(redirected from Critical thinker)

thinking

 [thingk´ing]
ideational mental activity (in contrast to emotional activity); the flow of ideas, symbols, and associations that brings forth concepts and reasons.
autistic thinking self-absorption; preoccupation with inner thoughts, daydreams, fantasies, delusions, drives, and personal logic. It is egocentric, subjective thinking lacking objectivity and preferring a narcissistic, inner, private reality to that with external validity. Used interchangeably with dereistic thinking, although differing in emphasis. Called also autism.
critical thinking a style of reasoning that involves a complex process of reflection and analysis. See accompanying table.
dereistic thinking thinking not in accordance with the facts of reality and experience and following illogical, idiosyncratic reasoning. Used interchangeably with autistic thinking, although not an exact synonym: dereistic emphasizes disconnection from reality and autistic emphasizes preoccupation with inner experience. Called also dereism.
magical thinking that characterized by the belief that thinking or wishing something can cause it to occur.
primary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, primitive thought processes deriving from the id and marked by illogical form, preverbal content, an emphasis on immediate wish fulfillment, and an equating of thought and action. Such processes are characteristic of childhood and of dreams.
secondary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, the more sophisticated thought processes, based on logic, obeying the rules of causality, and consistent with external reality. Such processes are characteristic of mature conscious thought.

crit·i·cal think·ing

(krit'i-kăl thingk'ing)
1. The practice of considering all aspects of a situation when deciding what to believe or what to do.
2. nursing Reflective and reasoned thinking, leading to judgments about what to believe or actions to take in any given situation.

critical thinking

1. The ability to interpret argument, evidence, or raw information in a logical and unbiased fashion.
2. The ability to solve complex problems effectively.

Patient care

Critical thinking in clinical settings involves the ability to solve complex problems effectively, using, for example, close observation, communication skills, consensus building, data mining, empathy, experience, logic, mathematics, pattern recognition, and reasoning.

See also: thinking
References in periodicals archive ?
Being a global citizen means being an agent of change, being aware of global issues, critical thinker, tolerant of the other and believer in justice and world peace," said the symposium's founder and now NOS Principal May Goussous.
A peace lover but also a critical thinker, Raza is truly a special person," a friend of Atiqa Shahid said on Facebook.
An effective critical thinker will be able to see the patterns and connections between these interventions, and implement them in the simplest manner possible.
Bob was a skilled and empathetic physician, an outstanding intellect, and a critical thinker.
Hiyane-Brown is a critical thinker and forward-focused leader who excels at convening people, tasking them to think about what Whatcom can and should be, now and in the future, and then listens closely," says Sue Cole, chair of WCC's Board of Trustees, said in a news release.
Be a Critical Thinker offers a clear process for applying critical thinking skills to scrutinize ideas, facts and interpretations, even when they are inconsistent or contradictory.
What types of skills does a critical thinker possess?
Leavis as critical thinker is a very good book, as a model of how to write clearly for a student readership, without any loss of complexity, subtlety or originality, and equally as a new study of Leavis's thought and its continuing influence.
The ideal critical thinker is a habitually inquisitive person, who is well informed, trustful of reason, open-minded, flexible, fair-minded in evaluation, honest in facing personal biases, prudent in making judgments, willing to reconsider outcomes and clear about certain issues.
8 strives to remain a critical thinker and seeks out the knowledge and wisdom of the critical thinkers in the group.
Bill Nye is not only an excellent communicator with an extensive history helping nonexperts understand complex scientific concepts, he is a critical thinker with a strong background in the physical nature of our technology," said Jime Wiese, Activeion's chief executive officer.

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