critical thinking

(redirected from Critical Reasoning)

thinking

 [thingk´ing]
ideational mental activity (in contrast to emotional activity); the flow of ideas, symbols, and associations that brings forth concepts and reasons.
autistic thinking self-absorption; preoccupation with inner thoughts, daydreams, fantasies, delusions, drives, and personal logic. It is egocentric, subjective thinking lacking objectivity and preferring a narcissistic, inner, private reality to that with external validity. Used interchangeably with dereistic thinking, although differing in emphasis. Called also autism.
critical thinking a style of reasoning that involves a complex process of reflection and analysis. See accompanying table.
dereistic thinking thinking not in accordance with the facts of reality and experience and following illogical, idiosyncratic reasoning. Used interchangeably with autistic thinking, although not an exact synonym: dereistic emphasizes disconnection from reality and autistic emphasizes preoccupation with inner experience. Called also dereism.
magical thinking that characterized by the belief that thinking or wishing something can cause it to occur.
primary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, primitive thought processes deriving from the id and marked by illogical form, preverbal content, an emphasis on immediate wish fulfillment, and an equating of thought and action. Such processes are characteristic of childhood and of dreams.
secondary process thinking in psychoanalytic theory, the more sophisticated thought processes, based on logic, obeying the rules of causality, and consistent with external reality. Such processes are characteristic of mature conscious thought.

crit·i·cal think·ing

(krit'i-kăl thingk'ing)
1. The practice of considering all aspects of a situation when deciding what to believe or what to do.
2. nursing Reflective and reasoned thinking, leading to judgments about what to believe or actions to take in any given situation.

critical thinking

1. The ability to interpret argument, evidence, or raw information in a logical and unbiased fashion.
2. The ability to solve complex problems effectively.

Patient care

Critical thinking in clinical settings involves the ability to solve complex problems effectively, using, for example, close observation, communication skills, consensus building, data mining, empathy, experience, logic, mathematics, pattern recognition, and reasoning.

See also: thinking
References in periodicals archive ?
In a society that values conformity over individuality, groupthink over critical reasoning, it is little wonder that the youth are seduced into experimenting with drugs, be it to cope, escape or 'fit in'.
Actually, the spread of automation puts a greater premium on qualities that computers lack such as intuitive intelligence, management skills and critical reasoning.
The programme, in co-operation with the Bahrain Institute of Banking and Finance (BIBF), held qualifying tests to assess the candidates' English language and critical reasoning skills.
The Program, in cooperation with Bahrain Institute of Banking and Finance (BIBF), held qualifying tests at BIBF headquarters to assess candidates' English language and critical reasoning skills.
"Critical reasoning is important for almost anyone in that if we only ever take things at face value we forget to question and merely respond without question," Hall said.
'Then we will focus on the curriculum issue, one of the major problems of curriculum is how dynamic it changes, so for public education, it is critical that private sector involvement, enables us to see how critical reasoning, creativity and as well as entrepreneurial already begin at the level of primary education,' she noted
Benefit: Develop skills in critical reasoning, problem-solving, lateral-thinking, and applied creativity.
The New Colombo Plan opens up students horizons, creates cultural awareness, lends new perspectives, and nurtures their critical reasoning. Alumni develop skills, networks and friendships vital to their careers and the nation.
The role of education can be coupled with other means, for example, responsibility of an individual to scrutinise viewpoints based on critical reasoning is another crucial factor.
Students who are interested in innovative thinking, critical reasoning and using their education to make an impact should come and learn about how they will be able to do this as graduate students at HBKU." HBKU consists of both mission-oriented academic colleges and research institutes.
Students who are interested in innovative thinking, critical reasoning and using their education to make an impact should come and learn about how they will be able to do this as graduate students at HBKU." More than 600 students from nearly 60 different countries are currently enrolled in 17 graduate programmes at HBKU.
Program at Tsinghua University School of Law as a test case in teaching critical reasoning to Chinese lawyers.

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