criminology

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crim·i·nol·o·gy

(krim-i-nol'ō-jē),
The branch of science concerned with the physical and mental characteristics and behavior of criminals.
[L. crimen, crime, + G. logos, study]
(1) The study of criminal behavior (forensic psychiatry)
(2) The study of the nature, causes, and means of handling criminal acts, viewed from the perspective of the police

criminology,

the study of crime, the people who commit crimes, and penal codes used to deter crime and punish criminals.
References in periodicals archive ?
The American Society of Criminology (ASC), founded in 1941, is the country's largest association of professional and academic criminologists, with a 1996 membership of 2,700.
He said: "Out of our 160 members one third are judges and of the rest a large number are serving probation officers, solicitors, criminologists, psychiatrists and sociologists.
In addition, though, it is important for criminologists to actively study the relationship between academia and the social relations that surround it.
Most criminologists agree that violent crimes and those involving property offenses occur most frequently with young people, specifically with males.
Criminologists such as Lawrence Sherman of the University of Maryland have cautioned that in many situations, mandatory arrest for domestic assault does not lead to a reduction in violence and could even cause it to escalate.
While many politicians and members of the public believe that the routine use of incarceration is an effective way of reducing crime, many criminologists conclude that it has, in fact, had a limited deterrent impact.
UCR data has also become a staple for researchers and criminologists, news and information services, academics, and others seeking a better understanding of crime in the United States.
Criminologists have come up with the startling figure by analysing the number of missing people in the country, some of them from the Midlands.
Criminologists said Wednesday there are no places left to hide.
Criminologists have struggled to formulate strategies on policing.
Most of what was (and is) called radical criminology - certainly the best of it- seemed to me to consist of nothing more, or less, than smart criminologists doing their (our) jobs - which is to say, trying to understand the roots of various types of crime, and to understand and improve the criminal justice system, using the best empirical and conceptual tools we had.
Even though some criticism is deserved, the work of criminologists and sociobiologists does, in his opinion, offer insight into the behavior of past criminals.