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The branch of science concerned with the physical and mental characteristics and behavior of criminals.
[L. crimen, crime, + G. logos, study]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
(1) The study of criminal behavior (forensic psychiatry)
(2) The study of the nature, causes, and means of handling criminal acts, viewed from the perspective of the police
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
All of this was just true, and the fact that all too many "mainstream" criminologists were mostly silent about these things was more a reflection of their timidity and retreat from social engagement than of our radicalism.
Stating as fact associations which may be demonstrably false is not just unscientific, it is unprincipled." In a 1994 presentation to the Western Economics Association, State University of New York at Buffalo criminologist Lawrence Southwick compared public health firearm studies to popular articles produced by the gun lobby: "Generally the level of analysis done on each side is of a low quality....
An extensive FBI study discussed by Florida State University criminologist Gary Kleck, in Point Blank (1991), estimates that 74.7 percent of all murderers had arrests for violent felonies or burglaries, and murderers averaged four prior major felony arrests over a criminal career of at least six years.
The posture critical criminologists assumed, at least early in its development, contributed to its limited applicability to public policy.
Given that criminologists vary tremendously in their assessment of the importance of any particular work, we would discount the opinions of any single author (e.g.
Despite the evidence that higher incarceration reduces crime rates, many criminologists argue that "mass incarceration" has actually taken "minority men out of their neighborhoods, stripped them of voting rights, destabilized families, and sapped already-paltry economic resources from struggling communities." Wright and DeLisi say that "Such claims could seem plausible only if one believes contrary to evidence and common sense that career criminals contribute positively to their neighborhoods, enjoy stable and functional families, vote and work.
The new law creates the Professional Regulatory Board for Criminologists that will administer, supervise and monitor licensure examination, registration, membership and practice of criminology.
All of us, including criminologists, should remember these words before they rush to judgment.
Criminologists have known for decades that income inequality is the single best predictor of homicide in a nation, state, or city, but have not found the mechanism that connects the two.
In this report, we do the latter, surveying economists and criminologists who have published peer-reviewed empirical research on their perceptions of the relationship between gun ownership, crime, and suicide.
If criminologists are concerned with trying to affect social change, how should they intervene at a time when there is notable resistance (e.g., people again taking to the streets in large numbers) to interpersonal and institutional violence, state impunity, and capitalism's excesses in Western democracies?