defamation

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Related to Criminal libel: slander, Defamatory libel

defamation

[def′əmā′shən]
Etymology: L, diffamare, to discredit
any communication, written or spoken, that is untrue and that injures the good name or reputation of another or that in any way brings that person into disrepute.

defamation

(dĕf″ă-mā′shŭn)
In law, an act of communication that is a quasi-intentional tort (civil wrong) that occurs when one person communicates false information to another person that injures or harms a third person who, as a result, is shamed, held in contempt, ridiculed, loses status or reputation in the community, or experiences loss of employment or of earnings. Oral defamation is slander. Written defamation is libel.

defamation (def´əmā´shən),

n the act of detracting from the reputation of another. The offense of injuring a person's reputation by false and malicious statements.
References in periodicals archive ?
Yet the country's proposed new criminal code, which passed its second reading in parliament on April 9, not only retains criminal libel but increases penalties for the offense.
Garrison was convicted under Louisiana's criminal libel law.
While harsh criminal libel legislation remains in force in other parts of Asia, Dado said the Philippine law sent the wrong signal in a country that overthrew the military-backed Ferdinand Marcos dictatorship just 26 years ago.
Worse, after the blossoming of his infatuation with the eighteen-year-old actress, Ellen Ternan, criminal libel and cold indifference.
227) Although the primary means of redress under the Prevention of Defamation Act is a civil law suit, the act also contains criminal libel provisions.
Nobody should be surprised, after the revelations of a few weeks ago that deputies were using the parliamentary immunity granted to them by the constitution to protect them from criminal libel suits, which no longer exist, in order to get out of paying fines for traffic offences.
He campaigned for Gladstone to lead the Liberals, championed Irish Home Rule, backed the Plimsoll line on ships and he successfully fought off a charge of criminal libel in 1905 after he had accused the licensing magistrates of being in the pockets of the breweries - a verdict that still rings today as a step in legal press freedom.
Editor Paul Dacre's action might easily have seen him jailed for contempt of court or criminal libel.
This rare charge of criminal libel was brought and prosecuted through the Supreme Court of Canada to protect the reputation of a police officer.
When Garrison lost, he appealed to the Supreme Court with an outcome that displayed, for the first time, state criminal libel laws meeting First Amendment free speech protection.
27) However, the Illinois Supreme Court characterized the law as "a form of criminal libel law," and it was treated that way by the courts.
11) The "not otherwise included" misdemeanor was criminal libel.