Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever


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Related to Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever: Lassa fever

Cri·me·an-Con·go hem·or·rhag·ic fe·ver

a form of hemorrhagic fever distinct from Omsk hemorrhagic fever, occurring in central Russia, transmitted by species of the tick Hyalomma, and caused by Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, a member of the Bunyaviridae family; horses are the chief reservoir of human infection; characterized by abrupt onset, high fever, headache, myalgia, widespread petechial hemorrhagic lesions, gastrointestinal bleeding, high fatality rate.
Synonym(s): African tick fever

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

[krīmē′ən]
an arbovirus infection caused by the virus Nairovirus of the family Bunyaviridae, transmitted to humans through the bite of a tick, characterized by fever, dizziness, muscle ache, vomiting, headache, and other neurological symptoms. After several days in severe cases, bleeding from the skin and mucous membranes, particularly from the mouth and nose; bloody sputum or vomit; and blood-tinged feces may be seen. Transfusion may be necessary to replace lost blood; otherwise treatment is symptomatic and supportive. The mortality rate is approximately 30%. Death occurs in the second week of infection. No specific medication or therapy is available for prevention or cure. It occurs mainly in Russia, Asia, and Africa; agricultural workers are most often afflicted. See also hemorrhagic fever, Omsk hemorrhagic fever.

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

a zoonotic disease of humans, in central Asia through to eastern Europe, who are in contact with livestock. Caused by a bunyavirus, it is transmitted by ticks. The principal signs are fever, widespread hemorrhages and necrotizing hepatitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ertugrul B, Uyar Y, Yavas K, et al: An outbreak of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in western Anatolia, Turkey International Journal of Infectious Diseases 2009; 13:431-436.
Seroprevalence of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Sistan-va-Baluchistan province of Iran.
Seroepidemiologic Survey of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever among Slaughters and Butchers in Isfahan.
Cytokine levels in Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever.
Ancient common ancestry of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus.
Immunohistochemical and in situ localization of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus in human tissues and implications for CCHF pathogenesis.
The first identified Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever case in Turkey was reported in the year of 2002.
Add viral hemorrhagic fever caused by Ebola or Marburg viruses, Lassa virus, New World Arenaviruses (Guanarito, Machupo, Junin, Sabia), or Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever to the nationally notifiable condition list.
A new diagnostic screen for detection of Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, Marburg, Lassa virus, Rift Valley fever, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, Hantaan, Seoul, yellow fever, and Kyasanur Forest Disease viruses offers sensitivity and speed by simultaneously considering multiple agents, thereby reducing the time needed for differential diagnosis.
ABBOTTABAD -- To curb the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus on the eve of Eid-ul-Adha which causes severe viral hemorrhagic fever outbreaks, Livestock and Health Department established 3 'Tick Dusting Veterinary Pickets' at all entry and exit points of district Abbottabad.
President s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR); and confirmation of Zika virus, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, hepatitis E virus, meningococcal disease, yellow fever, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis (TB) cases in Uganda