cretinism

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cretinism

 [kre´tĭ-nizm]
arrested physical and mental development with dystrophy of bones and soft tissues, due to congenital lack of thyroid gland secretion from hypofunction or absence of the gland. Affected children have a large head, short limbs, puffy eyes, coarse hair, a round abdomen, a thick and protruding tongue with drooling, excessively dry skin, lack of coordination, and mental retardation. Thyroid deficiency that is acquired or seen in adults is called myxedema. Administration of thyroid hormone medication, which must be continued for life, can result in normal growth and mental development of these children. If untreated, however, they will become permanently dwarfed, probably mentally retarded, and sterile.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cre·tin·ism

(kreh'tin-izm),
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

cretinism

(krēt′n-ĭz′əm)
n.
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

cre·tin·ism

(kret'in-izm)
Obsolete term for congenital hypothyroidism.
See also: infantile hypothyroidism
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

cretinism

A condition caused by thyroid underaction from severe iodine deficiency early in life. It features dwarfism, mental retardation, dry skin, a large tongue and a puffy face. Cretinism occurs mainly in regions remote from the sea. Iodization of table salt and early screening of babies has largely eliminated the condition from such regions.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Cretinism

Severe hypothyroidism that is present at birth and characterized by severe mental retardation.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

cre·tin·ism

(kret'in-izm)
Obsolete term for congenital hypothyroidism. This offensive term should be avoided.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012