cresol

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Related to Cresols: P-Cresol, metacresol

cresol

 [kre´sol]
a phenol from coal or wood tar; a mixture of isomeric cresol from coal tar or petroleum is used as a disinfectant and in making synthetic resins. Acute poisoning may result in rapid circulatory collapse; chronic poisoning may produce gastrointestinal symptoms, vertigo, skin rashes, jaundice, and uremia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

cre·sol

(krē'sol),
A mixture of the three isomeric methyl phenols, o-, m-, and p-cresol, obtained from coal tar. Its properties are similar to those of phenol, but it is less poisonous; used as an antiseptic and disinfectant.
Synonym(s): tricresol
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Isolation and Screening of Cresol Degrading Bacteria
The 30 different soil types were inoculated in to Minimal mineral medium without carbon source as a negative control, whereas, for the test samples, various isomers of cresol were fed as carbon source in minimal mineral medium.
The cresol acclimatization by the grown consortium was tested at higher concentration ranging from 500 ppm to 1200 ppm.
The cresol degradation was checked by evaluating the remnant cresol concentration in the medium after the optimum incubation period.
Cresol was treated with 4-aminoantipyrine at alkaline pH around 10.00 in presence of an oxidizing agent, potassium ferricyanide that results in the formation of stable reddish-brown colored antipyrine dye.
The thirty different soil types were inoculated in to minimal medium with and without cresol variants to grow the bacterial consortium possessed by each.
The growth profile of Pseudomonas monteilii CR-13 at different concentration of o-Cresol was studied in the presence and absence of standard carbon source, cresol and without any carbon source.
Phenol and cresols were biodegraded by 80%, but the concentration of dimethylphenols practically did not change.
Dimers of the meta or para-cresols with the 2,3,5 trimethyl phenol with a small amount of dimers of the meta or para cresols or cross products were found under these conditions (18).
We had found convenient development conditions for a three-component resist formulation (halogenophenol novolac/cresol novolac/melamine crosslinker Cymel 303) containing cresol novolac additionally.
The obtained results showed that phenol, hydroxyphenols and cresols were degraded by activated sludge faster than dimethylphenols.