Crank Test

anterior apprehension test

2. a test of shoulder stability; apprehension with abduction and external rotation of the joint suggests anterior instability.
Synonym(s): crank test
A clinical test for anterior shoulder instability and dislocation due to a tear in the superior glenoid labrum; the crank test is positive in less than 50% of patients with a tear in the labrum; MRI is a better diagnostic tool

an·te·ri·or ap·pre·hen·sion test

(an-tēr'ē-ŏr ap'rē-hen'shŭn test)
2. A test of shoulder stability; apprehension with abduction and external rotation of the joint suggests anterior instability.
Synonym(s): crank test.
References in periodicals archive ?
Eight outcome measures were used from the graded arm crank test.
2] as measured during an arm crank test did not change, while a subject's actual aerobic fitness did improve.
These tests are reliable and valid (5,6,7,8), as well as the crank test for SLAP lesions in the glenohumeral joint, which is valid, although reliability is unknown (9,10).
The Wingate arm crank test (Warm crank) was performed using an isokinetic arm ergometer (Cybex UBE 2462, Owatonna, MN) and consisted of 30 seconds maximal effort at a constant 120 rpm rotation speed.
Pearson product moment correlation (PM) and statistical power (1-[beta]) values between anaerobic work capacity (AWC) and the variables obtained in the Wingate arm crank test.
The crank test, described by Liu and associates, (24) is performed with the patient either upright or supine.