hemifacial microsomia

(redirected from Craniofacial microsomia)

hemifacial microsomia

(mi?kro-so'me-a),

HFM

A rare congenital anomaly, usually inherited sporadically, in which one side of the body, usually the right, fails to develop equally with the left. The ear, nose, and maxilla on the affected side are hypoplastic. In addition the right lung and kidney may be smaller than normal, and affected children often have ventriculoseptal defects. Surgical treatment of facial defects associated with HFM is often undertaken by combined teams of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Synonym: facio-auriculo vertebral syndrome; Goldenhar syndrome; oculoauricular vertebral dysplasia
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References in periodicals archive ?
The role of distraction osteogenesis in the reconstruction of the mandible in unilateral craniofacial microsomia. Clin Plast Surg 1994;21:625-31.
These malformations occur in conditions such as Pierre-Robin sequence, Treacher Collins syndrome, and craniofacial microsomia.
Craniofacial Microsomia is a rare condition with congenital abnormalities.
RLD is often associated with syndromes like thrombocytopenia-absent radius (TAR), Holt-Oram syndrome, Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiac defects, Tracheoesophageal fistula and/or Esophageal atresia, Renal and Radial anomalies, and Limb defects (VACTERL) association, Craniofacial microsomia, Fanconi anaemia, etc.
Luquetti, "Reliable classification of facial phenotypic variation in craniofacial microsomia: a comparison of physical exam and photographs," Head and Face Medicine, vol.
These difficulties are compounded when the surgeon is faced with the complex deformities of craniofacial microsomia in a child.
A 22 year old male patient was born with Goldenhar Syndrome, a variant of craniofacial microsomia (Goodrich et al.), which has affected the lower left half of his face.
McCarthy (8) applied the technique developed by Ilizarov to the mandible in patients diagnosed with craniofacial microsomia, Nager syndrome, and developmental micrognathia.