hemifacial microsomia

(redirected from Craniofacial microsomia)

hemifacial microsomia



A rare congenital anomaly, usually inherited sporadically, in which one side of the body, usually the right, fails to develop equally with the left. The ear, nose, and maxilla on the affected side are hypoplastic. In addition the right lung and kidney may be smaller than normal, and affected children often have ventriculoseptal defects. Surgical treatment of facial defects associated with HFM is often undertaken by combined teams of oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Synonym: facio-auriculo vertebral syndrome; Goldenhar syndrome; oculoauricular vertebral dysplasia

hemifacial microsomia (HFM) (hem´ifā´shəl mī´krəsō´mēə),

n a condition in which one side of the lower face fails to develop properly. It is characterized by the malformation of the ear on the affected side and defects in the structure of the mandible. It is the second most common birth defect after clefts. Also called
brachial arch syndrome, oral-mandibular-auricular syndrome, lateral facial dysplasia, or otomandibular dysostosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
RLD is often associated with syndromes like thrombocytopenia-absent radius (TAR), Holt-Oram syndrome, Vertebral anomalies, Anal atresia, Cardiac defects, Tracheoesophageal fistula and/or Esophageal atresia, Renal and Radial anomalies, and Limb defects (VACTERL) association, Craniofacial microsomia, Fanconi anaemia, etc.
As a complex heterogeneous alteration, patients showing its wide manifestations have received various diagnoses, such as Goldenhar Syndrome, oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum, syndrome of the first and second branchial arches, craniofacial microsomia, and among others.
A review of craniofacial microsomia performed by Birgfeld and Heike in 2012 (55) shows a timeline as a guide in the medical and surgical management of HFM patients, proposed by members of the Seattle Children's Craniofacial Center, monitoring its progress from birth to adulthood.
Heike CL, Luquetti DV, Hing AV Craniofacial microsomia overview.
A phenotypic assessment tool for craniofacial microsomia.
These difficulties are compounded when the surgeon is faced with the complex deformities of craniofacial microsomia in a child.
A 22 year old male patient was born with Goldenhar Syndrome, a variant of craniofacial microsomia (Goodrich et al.
McCarthy (8) applied the technique developed by Ilizarov to the mandible in patients diagnosed with craniofacial microsomia, Nager syndrome, and developmental micrognathia.