[2.] Attaching a battery is one way of applying a coulomb force
across a conductor.
Finite-difference approximation of the Navier-stokes and the flow continuity equations for this system of coordinates contains the Coulomb force
components [F.sub.x], [F.sub.y] and the flow velocity components [w.sub.x], [w.sub.y] :
Incompressible and viscous air flow induced by Coulomb force
determined as the production of electric charge density and field strength of the discharge is governed by the system of equations comprising of the Navier-Stokes and the flow continuity equations (for steady-state conditions).
The single-superforce idea is taken here to mean that the superforces associated with General relativity  and the Newton and Coulomb forces
have the same magnitude.
The strong force can be compared to the intrinsic Coulomb force
discussed in this context, also in respect to a possible quark model being somewhat similar to that of the electron as described in Section 2.
For example, in the case of repulsive Coulomb forces
k = 1/4 [pi][[epsilon].sub.0] and for gravitational forces k = - G, where [[epsilon].sub.0] is the permittivity of empty space and G is the universal gravitational constant.
When the gravitational and magnetic forces are small, the electrical Coulomb forces
[F.sub.e] = [e.sup.2]/4[pi][[epsilon].sub.0][r.sup.2] for electrons are nearly equal to the centrifugal forces [F.sub.c] = [m.sub.e][v.sup.2]/r.
While the Coulomb force
is a dominant feature of this activity, we suggest that the primary basis of chemical reactivity is the magnetic interaction.
The static Coulomb and gravitational forces between two like, charged elementary particles are used in this section to derive the fine structure constant, the ultimate Coulomb force
, the ultimate gravitational force, the gravitational constant, and the ultimate PV-curvature force.
We will therefore show that a radiant aether flux O is the common cause of the Coulomb force
and the extremely strong force of gravity in the neutron, manifest as the strong nuclear force
The difference between Coulomb crystals and normal crystals is that every charge at the nodes in the lattice interact with each other through coulomb forces
. An exposed nuclei is aligned into the lattice at densities and temperatures where the kinetic energy of ions used is about 175 times lower than the typical potential energy of Coulomb forces
repulsions between them.