xerostomia

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xerostomia

 [ze″ro-sto´me-ah]
dryness of the mouth from salivary gland dysfunction.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zē'rō-stō'mē-ă),
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

/xe·ro·sto·mia/ (zēr″o-sto´me-ah) dryness of the mouth due to salivary gland dysfunction.

xerostomia

(zîr′ə-stō′mē-ə)
n.
Abnormal dryness of the mouth.

xerostomia

[zir′əstō′mē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, xeros + stoma, mouth
dryness of the mouth caused by cessation of normal salivary secretion. The condition is a symptom of various diseases such as diabetes, acute infections, hysteria, and Sjögren's syndrome and can be caused by paralysis of facial nerves. It may also result from radiation treatments for cancers of the face, head, or neck. It is also caused by an adverse reaction to drugs.
A manifestation of salivary gland dysfunction with decreased secretion, characterised by dry, atrophic and/or inflammed oropharyngeal mucosa and salivary glands which eventually undergo fibrosis; it is most common in older women; it is associated with salivary gland dysfunction
Aetiology Sjögren syndrome, autoimmune disorders—systemic lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, sarcoidosis—amyloidosis, hypothyroidism, RT 4000 cGy, drugs—e.g., atropine, antihistamines, amphetamines, anticholinergics, antidepressants (Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Xanax), valium, antihypertensives (Lopressor, Vasotec), opioids—thallium poisoning, fever, dehydration, mechanical—e.g., calculus in salivary duct—vitamin A deficiency, HIV-1, Candida infections, cancer, inadequate function of salivary glands (e.g., parotid glands)
Management Pilocarpine

xerostomia

 Dry mouth syndrome, see there.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
A dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia

Dry mouth.

Xerostomia

The medical term for dry mouth.
Mentioned in: Dry Mouth

xerostomia

mouth dryness; feature of SjÖgren's syndrome

xerostomia (zeˈ·r·stōˑ·mē·),

n decreased saliva secretion that causes dry mouth; may result from a disease or a drug reaction. Common side effect after radiation therapy.

xe·ro·sto·mi·a

(zēr'ō-stō'mē-ă)
Dryness of the mouth, having a varied etiology, resulting from diminished or arrested salivary secretion, or asialism.
[xero- + G. stoma, mouth]

xerostomia (zir´əstō´mēə),

n dryness of the oral cavity resulting from functional or organic disturbances of the salivary glands and lack of the normal secretion, primarily caused by prescribed medications. Dryness, loss of basic environment, and resultant overgrowth of oral microorganisms frequently lead to rampant caries. See also hyposalivation.

xerostomia

dryness of the mouth from lack of the normal secretion.