Costello syndrome


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Costello syndrome

A rare hereditary disease (OMIM:218040) that overlaps cardiofaciocutaneous and Noonan syndromes, characterised by excess prenatal and defective postpartum growth, mental retardation, characteristic coarse facies, short stature, cardiovascular defects (e.g., pulmonary stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, atrial tachycardia), increased risk of papillomas and rhabdomyosarcomas, and cutaneous and musculoskeletal defects.

Molecular pathology
Defects in HRAS, an oncogene on chromosome 11p15.5 whose protein product plays key roles in signal transduction, cause Costello syndrome.

Costello,

J.M., New Zealand physician.
Costello syndrome - syndrome of postnatal growth deficiency, mental subnormality, depressed nasal bridge, curly hair, short neck, cardiomyopathy, and other abnormalities.
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References in periodicals archive ?
These disorders include neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1, OMIM 162200), Legius syndrome (NFLS, OMIM 611431), Noonan syndrome (NS, OMIM 163950), Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (also called LEOPARD syndrome, LS, OMIM 151100), Costello syndrome (CS, OMIM 218040), cardiofaciocutaneous syndrome (CFCS, OMIM 115100), Noonan-like syndromes, hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF, OMIM 135300), and capillary malformation-arteriovenous malformation (CMAVM, OMIM 608354).
The primary goal of the current research was to understand the role of a cell-signaling pathway called RAS/MAPK in the cascade of events leading to HCM in patients with CFCs, and by association, with Noonan syndrome, Costello syndrome, and other similar illnesses.
Costello syndrome is a rare genetic disease characterized by coarse facies, short stature, loose folds of skin on the hands and feet, severe feeding difficulties and failure to thrive, cardiac anomalies, developmental disability, and increased risk of malignancies, especially rhabdomyosarcoma, with an approximately 15% lifetime risk.
Last summer, my family traveled from Austin, Texas to Orlando, Florida for the 8th International Costello Syndrome Family Forum.
Bill Tidyman, our caring and compassionate genetic counselors, Andrea Zanko and Vicki Cox, who supported the new and novel NF/Ras Clinic providing best practices for the RASopathy patients worldwide, and the dedicated families of CFC International, the Costello Syndrome Family Network/CostelloKids.
However, there have been case reports of bladder tumors in children with Costello syndrome, a rare autosomal dominant disorder associated with mutations in the Kristen rat sarcoma viral onocogene homolog (KRAS) gene that confer increased risk for other non-urologic malignancies (Franceschini et al.
The College Ystrad Mynach student was born with a rare condition called costello syndrome, meaning he struggles with speech and the ability to walk far.
Cardio-facio-cutaneous and Noonan syndromes due to mutations in the RAS/MAPK signalling pathway: genotype-phenotype relationships and overlap with Costello syndrome.
The couple had two small daughters; the younger having Costello Syndrome, a rare genetic disorder, with only 200-300 cases reported worldwide.
Costello syndrome, which should be included in the differential diagnosis of cutis laxa, has distinctive features such as nasal papillomata, coarse facies and mental retardation.
These mutations have been linked to rare developmental diseases such as achondroplasia and Costello syndrome.
Helaina is one of a handful of children in Britain to suffer from Costello syndrome - a rare genetic condition that causes physical disabilities, learning difficulties and speech problems.