We searched Google Scholar and PubMed using the terms economic evaluation, cost analysis, cost of services, cost effectiveness analysis, cost utility analysis and cost benefit analysis with term Pakistan.
These are Methods for the economic evaluation of healthcare programmes,21 Cost effectiveness of health and medicine22 and Economic evaluation in healthcare:merging theory with practice.9 In addition, we find online resources on cost effectiveness analysis in health care on the web portal of International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcome research (ISPOR).23 Based on our review of these resources in the following section we provide nature, scope and types of economic evaluation used in healthcare.
Cost effectiveness analysis refers to the analysis in which costs are compared with the outcomes measured in natural units, such as "lowered levels of blood pressure", "ability to accurately diagnosis symptom" and "symptom-free days", or some types of functional and emotional ability scale etc (Box 1 in the Figure).
Categories: Bid Protest, Agency missions, Ballistic missiles, Contract award protests, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Federal procurement, Indefinite delivery contracts, Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer Mission, Procurement regulations, Requirements definition, Service contracts, Space exploration
Categories: Financial Management, Accountability, Best practices, Contract administration, Contract performance, Contractor payments, Contracts, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Cost plus award fee contracts, Cost plus fixed fee contracts, Cost plus incentive fee contracts, Data collection, Evaluation criteria, Federal agencies, Federal procurement, Fees, Funds management, Performance measures, Requirements definition
Categories: International Affairs, Appellate courts, Cost analysis, Cost control, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Court costs, Courts (law), Criminals, Federal courts, Federal law, Federal legislation, Foreign governments, International cooperation, International law, International relations, Judicial remedies, Jurisdictional authority, Litigation, Policy evaluation, Strategic planning, Systems analysis, Systems management, Territories and possessions, American Samoa
Categories: Education, Aid for education, Cost analysis, Cost control, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Direct loans, Education or training costs, Education program evaluation, Educational grants, Federal aid programs, Federal grants, Financial analysis, Financial management, Higher education, Income taxes, Program management, Strategic planning, Student financial aid, Student loans, Tax administration, Taxes, Taxpayers
Categories: Science, Space, and Technology, Aerospace industry, Cost analysis, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Cost overruns, Data collection, Defense operations, Defense procurement, Government information dissemination, Performance measures, Program management, Risk assessment, Risk factors, Schedule slippages, Strategic planning
Categories: Science, Space, and Technology, Aerospace industry, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Defense capabilities, Defense cost control, Defense industry, Defense operations, Defense procurement, Emerging technologies, Funds management, Military operations, Military systems analysis, Operational testing, Program evaluation, Program management, Reporting requirements, Research and development, Strategic planning, Systems evaluation
Categories: Government Operations, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Data integrity, Federal procurement, Federal property, Federal property management, Federal regulations, Real estate leases, Real property, Tenants
Categories: National Defense, Base closures, Base realignments, Cost analysis, Cost effectiveness analysis
, Defense capabilities, Defense cost control, Military bases, Military facilities, DOD Base Realignment and Closure Program, DOD Cost of Base Realignment Action Model, Fort Monmouth (NJ)