cosmid

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cos·mid

(koz'mid),
A recombinantly engineered plasmid, a circular DNA containing, in order: a plasmid origin of replication and a drug-resistance marker, the cos (cohesive end) site from bacteriophage λ, and a fragment of eukaryotic DNA to be cloned; cosmids are constructed to permit cloning of fragments of up to about 40,000 base pairs in length, with one or more unique restriction sites being necessary to facilitate cloning.

cosmid

(kŏz′mĭd)
n. Genetics
An artificially constructed plasmid used for cloning large genes or other DNA sequences.

cosmid

a class of CLONING VECTOR which comprises a bacterial PLASMID and the COS SITE of a BACTERIOPHAGE, typically bacteriophage lambda. A cosmid combines features of plasmids and of bacteriophages and can be used in CLONING. Large DNA fragments, up to 40 KILOBASE pairs in size, can be cloned in cosmids. The cosmid can be propagated as a plasmid in vivo and packaged into bacteriophages in vitro.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nesse sentido, Cosmides e Tooby (1992) propuseram que os diferentes problemas--formalmente semelhantes--estariam sendo processados por estruturas neurais distintas, por modulos de dominios especificos, especializados na deteccao de violadores de regras sociais.
Es en este contexto en el que surgen las teorias cognitivas evolutivas y, en concreto, la teoria de los contratos sociales de Cosmides, pues parece que esta autora defiende que solo se resuelven correctamente aquellas versiones de la tarea de seleccion que estan expresadas en terminos de un acuerdo o de un requisito a cumplir para lograr un beneficio (Cosmides 1989).
Tampoco dispone de modelos explicativos suficientemente potentes que permitan entender la compleja dinamica entre genetica y medio ambiente, aunque le reconozca explicitamente su valor (vease, por ejemplo, Tooby y Cosmides, 1992).
y Cosmides, L., 1992, "The Psychological Foundations of Culture", en J.
Essa perspectiva afina-se com as contribuicoes de autores da psicologia evolucionista (Cosmides & Tooby, 2000; Pinker, 2002), que pressupoem a existencia de programas mentais estabelecidos na evolucao.
Tooby, John, and Leda Cosmides. "Does Beauty Build Adapted Minds?
"That is, only some of the motives that lead people to favor government-mandated redistribution also motivate people to personally help the poor," Cosmides states.
Cosmides, "The psychological foundations of culture," in The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the
De hecho, la idea de que la cognicion central abarca un conjunto de subsistemas cognitivos especializados ha ido ganando terreno en la ultima decada (Cosmides y Tooby 1992, Carruthers 2006).
Este punto es de especial relevancia en contra de teorias de la racionalidad para las que el "altruismo reciproco" desempeno un papel fundamental en la configuracion de la racionalidad humana, tales como las de Cosmides & Tooby (1992).
Segun esta, la subjetividad esta mas proxima a la definicion de lo humano como una entidad a priori (Bloch, 2011), cuya conducta expresada en decisiones esta determinada por mecanismos innatos y orientada hacia un mundo empiricamente obvio (Elster, 2005; Cosmides & Tooby, 2002).
We have also explored literature outside economics, consumer research and risk psychology to enrich the perspective of risk marketing: anthropology and evolutionary mind (Leakey and Lewin, 1977; Barkow et al., 1992; Cosmides and Tooby, 1994; Benford, 2000; Haselton and Nettle, 2006), sociology (public and private risks) (Douglas and Wildavsky, 1983; Beck, 1986; Kasperson et al., 1988), communication (design, media, questionnaire, copy strategy, etc., see references in Appendix).