Pregnancy Category: C
ClassificationTherapeutic: diagnostic agents
A synthetic form of corticotropin (ACTH); stimulates the adrenal gland to primarily produce corticosteroids (hydrocortisone) and a small amount of mineralocorticoids (aldosterone). Action requires intact adrenal responsiveness.
Production of adrenal steroids after administration.
Absorption: Rapidly absorbed.
Distribution: Removed from plasma to many tissues.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Time/action profile (effects on plasma cortisol levels)
|IM, IV||5 min||45–60 min||unknown|
Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity.
Use Cautiously in: Obstetric / Lactation: Pregnancy or lactation (safety not established).
Adverse Reactions/Side Effects
- hypersensitivity reactions including anaphylaxis (life-threatening)
Drug-Drug interactionCorticosteroids, estrogens, and spironolactone alter the results of testing.
Intramuscular Intravenous (Adults and Children >2 yr) 0.25 mg.
Intramuscular Intravenous (Children <2 yr) 0.125 mg.
Availability (generic available)
Powder for injection: 0.25 mg/vial
- In patients with a history of allergic reactions, monitor for hypersensitivity response (wheezing, rash or hives, and erythema) Cosyntropin is less likely than ACTH to cause such a response.
- Lab Test Considerations: Plasma cortisol concentrations will be measured before and 30 or 60 min after administration of cosyntropin. Therapeutic response is a rise in the plasma cortisol of at least 7 mcg/dL above baseline or a final concentration of at least 18 mcg/dL. In patients with septic shock, a therapeutic response is defined as a rise in the plasma cortisol of at least 9 mcg/dL. Administration of corticosteroids, estrogens, or spironolactone on day of test will interfere with test results by causing elevated baseline plasma cortisol concentrations.
Potential Nursing DiagnosesDeficient knowledge, related to medication regimen (Patient/Family Teaching)
- Do not confuse Cortrosyn with colchicine.
- May be administered IM, direct IV, and by IV infusion.
- Reconstitute 250-mcg vial with 1 mL of 0.9% NaCl for IM injection.
- Discard unused reconstituted cosyntropin.
- Reconstitute 250-mcg vial with 2–5 mL of 0.9% NaCl for direct IV injection.
- Rate: Administer over 2 min
- Intermittent Infusion: Diluent: May be further diluted in 50 mL of D5W or 0.9% NaCl. Stable for 12 hr at room temperature or 21 days if refrigerated.
- Rate: Infuse at a rate of 40 mcg/hr over 6 hr.
- Explain purpose of cosyntropin and need for lab tests.
- Differentiation of primary from secondary adrenocortical insufficiency.
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A trademark for the drug cosyntropin.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.