coronary heart disease

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Related to Coronary Disease: coronary artery disease, coronary heart disease


encircling in the manner of a crown; said of anatomical structures such as vessels, ligaments, or nerves.
coronary arteries two large arteries that branch from the ascending aorta and supply all of the heart muscle with blood (see also table of arteries).
 A view of the coronary arterial system. The arteries serving the posterior aspect of the myocardium are shown here in a lighter shade.
coronary artery disease (CAD) atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, which may cause angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden death. Both genetically determined and avoidable risk factors contribute to the disease; they include hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and low levels of high density lipoproteins (HDL).
coronary heart disease (CHD) ischemic heart disease.
coronary occlusion the occlusion, or closing off, of a coronary artery, usually caused by a narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels by the plaques of atherosclerosis. Sometimes a plaque may rupture and release vasoactive or thrombogenic substances that lead to clot formation. If there is adequate collateral circulation to the heart muscle at the time of the occlusion, there may be little or no damage to the myocardial cells. When occlusion is complete, however, with no blood being supplied to an area of the myocardium, myocardial infarction results.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

coronary heart disease

A general term for any disease affecting the coronary arteries, in particular atherosclerosis.

Risk factors
Hypertension, smoking and high cholesterol.

Lifestyle and related medical therapy.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Instead, we need to focus on delivering the treatments that we know work and on doing a better job of preventing coronary disease.
heart attack victims who, like the 39-year-old Framingham man, develop coronary disease while maintaining total cholesterol levels under 200 mg/dl.
Average follow up was 14.2 years, and coronary disease was defined as stenosis of at least 20%.
Certain factors can make a patient more predisposed to developing coronary disease than others, including increasing age and being male.
HDL particles are hypothesized to protect against coronary disease via the reverse cholesterol transport pathway.
The researchers studied patients with different severities of coronary disease who had or had not suffered a heart attack.
Marwick asserted that cardiac CT followed by functional testing with SPECT for patients with an indeterminate CT result remains the most cost-effective way to screen a chest-pain patient who presents at an emergency department with a history and physical findings consistent with a low or intermediate risk of having coronary disease. He and his associates documented the consistent cost-effectiveness of CT followed by SPECT in patients with a coronary artery disease prevalence of anywhere from 2% to 30% in a 2011 report (J.
Additionally, when the authors investigated the effects of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid supplementations on reducing coronary disease in the randomised controlled trials, they did not find any significant effects - indicating a lack of benefit from these nutrients.
"Many patients with coronary disease can, and should, be treated first with medications," Dr.
But he added that he'd like to see additional, confirmatory evidence of a PTSD and coronary disease link before suggesting a more aggressive coronary work-up in PTSD patients.
He said he'd like to see additional, confirmatory evidence of a PTSD and coronary disease link before suggesting a more aggressive coronary work-up in PTSD patients.