Despite the portrayal in the popular media, it is particularly rare to have complex tics that include copropraxia
(an obscene gesture), coprolalia (an obscene movement), echolalia (repeating another's words), or echopraxia (repeating another's actions).
La copropraxia (hacer gestos obscenos o inapropiados) se ve con menos frecuencia y, por lo general, correlaciona con la coprolalia (Singer, 1997b).
Durante el curso de su enfermedad siempre presento coprolalia y copropraxia.
Complex motor tics tend to be slower and appear purposeful--for example, hopping, kissing, touching objects, echopraxia (imitating others' movements) and copropraxia
The verbal tics may also be expressed as coprolalia (the involuntary use of obscene words or socially inappropriate words and phrases) or copropraxia (obscene gestures).
Both coprolalia and copropraxia are uncommon, occurring in less than 15 per cent of sufferers, and neither is necessary for the diagnosis of Tourette Syndrome.
Coprolalia (the involuntary uttering of obscenities, profanities, and racial slurs) and copropraxia
(involuntary obscene gestures) tend to appear 4-7 years after the onset of tics, peaking during adolescence and greatly diminishing in adulthood (Singer, 1997).
Some of those conditions are (a) a lack of inhibition control, (b) speech problems (palalalia, coprolalia, echolalia and stuttering), (c) copropraxia (use of obscene gestures), (d) echopraxia (imitating the behaviors of others), (e) poor handwriting (Davidovicz, 1994; Meyers, 1998), and (f) limitations associated with any comorbid conditions the person may have.
SIMPLE COMPLEX MOTOR Arm flapping Body jerking Arm jerking Copropraxia Clapping Echopraxia Eye blinking Hitting Eye rolling Hopping Facial contortions Jumping Foot tapping Kicking Grimacing Kissing Hair tossing Pinching Knee knocking Scratching Leg jerking Skipping Lip smacking Smelling things Nose twitching Stepping backwards Shoulder shrugging Throwing things Squinting Twirling in circles Tongue thrusting Walking on toes PHONIC Belching Amplitude variations Clicking (voice) Coughing Animal sounds Grunting Coprolalia Hiccupping Echolalia Hissing "Hello," "Hey," "Wow," etc.