The percent increase for ICE-supplied tractive energy is larger for the HEV compared to the conventional vehicle
for increasing cycle intensity, but the absolute ICE-supplied tractive energy required (kJ/km) actually increases more for the conventional vehicle
The moderating effect of previous user experience was found to be insignificant indicating the relationship between Perceived Behavioural Control, Subjective Norm and Environmental Attitudes and Green Vehicles purchase intention appeared to be unaffected by previous user experience of conventional vehicles
. Therefore, it can be concluded that H4a, H4b, H4c are not supported.
These results are slightly lower than those for the conventional vehicle
. Since the BEV utilizes brake regeneration, it is reasonable to assume less brake heat is generated at the front wheel from friction braking.
* All districts are accessible by both 'clean' vehicles and conventional vehicles
Compared with conventional vehicles
, electric vehicles offer customers the advantage of low maintenance and wear costs.
Debbas says, "The move from conventional vehicles
to electric will happen much sooner than we expect, and we are honoured to be part of this movement - as well as Dubai's vision for the future of mobility.
Unlike conventional vehicles
that use a gasoline or diesel-powered engine, electric cars and trucks use an electric motor powered by electricity from batteries or a fuel cell, and therefore they are cleaner than the most efficient conventional vehicles
today, despite all the hype, represent 99.8 percent of the global vehicle fleet.
Only 52 percent of Americans (down 12 points from 2017) say they are confident that the technology will develop safely enough to consider trading their conventional vehicles
for self-driving ones.
Oliver Zipse, BMW AG board member for production, added, "In the future, every BMW Group plant in Europe will be equipped to produce electrified as well as conventional vehicles
. Our new plant in Hungary will also be able to manufacture both combustion and electrified BMW models -- all on a single production line."