Rather, he intends for the reader to see consociationalism
as a possible element in the evolving political relationship between the Sami and the Nordic states.
has been described by its best-known proponent as a system of government based on "a cartel of elites."(31) This reflects the fact that the groups whose rights it is designed to protect are defined by leaders, who are then forced by such devices as concurrent majorities or minority veto powers to rule by agreement with one another.
When these principles are applied to BiH it becomes clear that the Dayton political system poses serious constraints to proper functioning of consociationalism
. While the main idea was to make all three ethnic groups in BiH feel equally represented in a state that would be built on consociational foundations, important aspects have been overlooked and given scant attention.
and Multi-ethnic States: Post 197 Pakistan-a Case Study.
at 202 ("Israel is a deeply divided society that needs consociationalism
The coexistence and interaction of neo-functionalism, consociationalism
, intergovernmentalism and multi-level governance is impossible to be found in another part of the world.
homogenised nation states, proportional group representation (for example consociationalism
) typically aims to institutionalise diversity and minority representation.
The different models associated with them (such as multiculturalism, interculturalism, the melting pot, hyphenation, republicanism, assimilationism, consociationalism
, etc.),14 are the second level.
is a form of government guaranteed group representation often employed for managing conflict in deeply divided societies, such as the pluralistic societies of Lebanon or Iraq.
when discussing his idea of "consociationalism
," (4) but
Moreover, given the multi-ethnic character of the nation-state in much of the Third World, it might be necessary for political leaders to heed the wise counsel of Donald Rothchild regarding the amelioration of conflict by encouraging some measure of ethnic balance or consociationalism
in the composition of the national/regional cabinet.
is an instrument of moderation because making all sides secure, and convincing them that they are secure, blocks the most common path to war in deeply divided societies--one driven by the "logic of fear," (61) which I explain below.