consanguinity

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Related to Consanguineal: affinal, Consanguineal family

consanguinity

 [kon″sang-gwin´ĭ-te]
blood relationship; kinship. adj., adj consanguin´eous.

con·san·guin·i·ty

(kon'sang-gwin'i-tē),
Kinship because of common ancestry.
See also: relationship.
[L. consanguinitas, blood relationship]

consanguinity

(kŏn′săn-gwĭn′ĭ-tē, -săng-)
n. pl. consanguini·ties
1. Relationship by blood or by a common ancestor.
2. A close affinity or connection.

consanguinity

The state of belonging to an identical kinship or blood line.

Consanguinity and genetic defects 
Amish—Dwarfism, mental retardation and metabolic disorders seen in 1:250-500 births.

Armenians—Familial Mediterranean fever.
 
Ashkenazi Jews—Abetalipoproteinemia, Bloom syndrome, familial dysautonomia, factor XI deficiency, adult Gaucher’s disease, iminoglycinuria, Meckel syndrome, Niemann-Pick disease, pentosuria, spongy degeneration of brain, stub thumbs, Tay-Sachs disease, torsion dystonia (dystonia musculorum deformans).
 
Blacks—Haemoglobinopathies (HbS), sickle cell anemia, HbC, persistent HbF, alpha-thalassaemia, beta-thalassaemia, G6PD deficiency, adult lactase deficiency.

Canadians: French Quebec—Agenesis of corpus callosum, Morquio syndrome, tyrosinaemia; Nova Scotia—Niemann-Pick disease, type D.
 
Chinese—Beta-thalassaemia, G6PD deficiency, adult lactase deficiency.
 
Costa Rica—Malignant osteoporosis.
 
Eskimos (Inuit and Yupik people)—Adrenal hyperplasia, Kuskokwim disease, methaemoglobinamia, pseudocholinesterase deficiency.
 
Finns—Congenital nephrosis.
 
Irish/English—Neural tube defects.
 
Japanese—Acatalasia, dyschromatosis universalis hereditaria, Oguchi’s disease.
 
Lebanese—Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen syndrome, juvenile Tay-Sachs disease.
 
Mediterranean: Greek, Italian, Sephardic Jews—beta-thalassaemia, Mediterranean-type G6PD deficiency, familial Mediterranean fever, type-III glycogen storage disease
 
Norwegians—Cholestasis-lymphoedema.
 
South Africans—Variegate porphyria.

con·san·guin·i·ty

(kon'sang-gwin'i-tē)
Kinship because of common ancestry.
Synonym(s): blood relationship.
[L. consanguinitas, blood relationship]

consanguinity

Blood relationship. The term does not imply any particular degree of closeness and ranges from identical twin to remote cousin.

con·san·guin·i·ty

(kon'sang-gwin'i-tē)
Kinship because of common ancestry.
[L. consanguinitas, blood relationship]
References in periodicals archive ?
Ritual kin, or godparents, were chosen not from close consanguineal or affinal relatives, but rather from the wealthier and older segments of society that would most likely serve well as patrons.
Evidently, bilateral sets of consanguineal kin centered on Ego, the focal relative, have no structural persistence over generations....
Consanguineal relationships eclipsed affinal ones in importance.
(46.) He has most effectively locked himself inside the consanguineal sphere of self-circuity and thereby has deprived himself of his own wealth and a mode of Yagwoia (ouroboric) freedom.
The Lahanan kinship system is bilateral and encompasses all of an individual's consanguineal kin.
Each descent group has an actual spring for which it is custodian, and the water drawing ritual implicates all consanguineal kin in a series of concentric circles rippling outwards from the centre, thereby expressing degrees of relationship.
Both consanguineal and affinal kin are socially important and are looked to for help with farm work and for support in times of crises.
Bariai can and do bring pressure to bear on trade-friends and may even sever a relationship if it is exploitative, an outcome that is next to impossible in the entangled world of affinal and consanguineal relations of kinship.
Ha'atiti at its most powerful can be demonstrated by gift-giving and feast-making in order to rectify a breach of respect between brothers and sisters (consanguineal, cross-sex relations) and iha- (affinal, same-sex relations).
At West Nggela, access to high value marine invertebrate stocks is controlled by consanguineal corporate groups holding primary rights (which include rights of exclusion) over reefs bearing these stocks.
Households are composed around male siblingship, and draw on close consanguineal and affinal kin in co-operative gardening projects.
In the case of Luang, and elsewhere in the region, these actions on the part of individuals and groups represent local attempts to indigenise the state; an indigenisation which at times also entails the projection of local constructions of consanguineal, affinal, and familial identities and relationships on to the respective agents and structures of state governmentality.