conotoxin


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conotoxin

(kon-ō'toks'in),
One of a large group of toxins found in fish-eating snails (Conidae).
References in periodicals archive ?
Tetrodotoxin, saxitoxin, conotoxin, and lophotoxin are few toxins which have been found from the marine sources.
Olivera's group showed that conotoxin GVIA could be chemically synthesized, but not easily.
In this paper, we will compare the performance of several different machine learning algorithms in the prediction of ion channel types of conotoxin.
Besides that, as it is the first research with MVIIA in SCI, and the present research initially decided to study the possible beneficial effects of the conotoxin in early application to subsequently permit future evaluation of the therapeutic window and its clinical feasibility.
During their experiments, researchers modified conotoxin peptides to form into circular chains of amino acids and fed the prototype drug to a group of rats.
A new conotoxin isolated from Conus consors venom acting selectively on axons and motor nerve terminals through a [Na.sup.+]-dependent mechanism.
The drug, Prialt, is based on the sea snail's ability to use a venom called a conotoxin to capture its prey, he explains.
Gabapentin, pregabalin, and ziconotide block voltage-sensitive calcium channels Drug History Target Indication* Gabapentin (1) Approved in 1993 [[alpha].sub.2][delta] Postherpetic as an adjunctive subunit of VSCCs neuralgia for seizures; approved for pain in 2002 Pregabalin (2,3) Follow-up [[alpha].sub.2][delta] Postherpetic compound to subunit of VSCCs neuralgia gabapentin; and diabetic approved for peripheral pain in December neuropath 2004 Ziconotide (4) Synthetic [[alpha].sub.1B] Severe version of a subunit of N-type chronic pain venom from a VSCCs in patients marine snail intolerant ([omega]- of or conotoxin refractory MVIIA); to other approved treatments December 2004 *FDA-approved indications; VSCC, voltage-sensitive calcium channel.
In Mari's latest paper, he and his team used a snail venom compound called "conotoxin" as a molecular probe that disables certain cell receptors.
In previous research, they found a way to modify conotoxin peptides so they formed circular chains of amino acids.