The new organization, the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
(AFL-CIO), was headed by George Meany, former president of the AFL.
In return, leaders of the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO) promised support for the struggles of rural people in the South.
The United Electrical Workers later became an affiliate of the Congress of Industrial Organizations
Moreover, workers who once fought employers on revolutionary terrain found their unions less able to do battle when "a pro-business stance adopted by a government they voted into power brusquely reversed comfortable narratives of progress."(237) Like the North American Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO) during the 1940s, COSATU discovered that incorporation into a governing coalition and a contractual labour relations regime can undermine shop-floor power.
Labor studies of the Great Depression often concentrate on the Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO) and organized labor.
City Builders follows Portland's carpenters through the early union-building stages, the shipbuilding booms of the First and Second world wars, the ravages of the Great Depression, the battles in the Northwest forests with Congress of Industrial Organizations
unions, and the postwar building boom.
In the light of narrow-mindedness within the labour movement that compelled leaders such as Randolph to speak from a nominally separatist platform, readers may come away somewhat sceptical of Zieger's glowing assessment of the labour movement as a consistent support to "expansion of the suffrage, expansion of educational opportunities, and, at least since the 1930s, every important initiative on civil rights." (7) Since the mid-1930s, it is closer to the truth to suggest that it was that section of the labour movement identified with the Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CLO) which came to adopt the most strident progressive stance on civil rights.
Although it is amply informed by the insights of the new labor history, it chronicles the industrial workers' movement through its institutional expression, the Congress of Industrial Organizations
Unlike Gompers, Green is remembered as a weak and ineffective leader, a man who presided over the AFL in its darkest days: during the 1930s and 1940s the craft-unionist AFL engaged in bitter warfare with the movement of industrial unionism as represented in the Congress of Industrial Organizations
The Congress of Industrial Organizations
also criticized the station.
The overall story of the TWU's development is closely intertwined with New York and New Deal politics, the emergence of the Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO) and its bitter internecine quarrel with the American Federation of Labor, and the impact of the Second World War and the early Cold War on American society.
She divides labor between the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the Congress of Industrial Organizations
(CIO) and the United States between North and South.