congenital torticollis

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Related to congenital torticollis: plagiocephaly

con·gen·i·tal tor·ti·col·lis

torticollis due to a unilateral fibrous tumor in the sternocleidomastoid muscle, present at birth as a swelling that may subside or may lead to torticollis by shortening of the muscle.
A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery
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References in periodicals archive ?
Congenital torticollis caused by unilateral absence of the sternodeidomastoid muscle.
Congenital torticollis with dislocation of the larynx and trachea caused by contracture of one omohyoides muscle.
Congenital midline cervical cord with report of a case and a note on the etiology of congenital torticollis.

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