congenital torticollis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to congenital torticollis: plagiocephaly

con·gen·i·tal tor·ti·col·lis

torticollis due to a unilateral fibrous tumor in the sternocleidomastoid muscle, present at birth as a swelling that may subside or may lead to torticollis by shortening of the muscle.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
A focal dystonia consisting of one-sided contracture with palpable induration of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, causing the chin to turn towards the opposite side and the head to rotate towards the lesion; wryneck is accompanied by facial muscle dysplasia
Aetiology Congenital form—unclear—possibly due to in utero or peripartum trauma to venous drainage, causing asymmetric development of the face and skull; the later it is recognised, the more likely it will require surgery
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Congenital torticollis caused by unilateral absence of the sternodeidomastoid muscle.
Congenital midline cervical cord with report of a case and a note on the etiology of congenital torticollis. Plast Reconstr Surg 1963;31:576-86.

Full browser ?