Congenital

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congenital

 [kon-jen´ĭ-t'l]
existing at, and usually before, birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation. Cf. hereditary.
congenital heart defect a structural defect of the heart or great vessels or both, present at birth. Any number of defects may occur, singly or in combination. They result from improper development of the heart and blood vessels during the prenatal period. Congenital heart defects occur in about 8 to 10 of every 1000 live-born children in the United States. The most common types are tetralogy of fallot, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, transposition of great vessels, and coarctation of the aorta.

In many cases, depending on the severity of the defect and the physical condition of the patient, these congenital conditions can be treated by surgery. However, some are so minor that they do not significantly affect the action of the heart and do not require surgery. The cause of most of these conditions is unknown. Gene abnormalities account for about 5 per cent, and in a small number of other cases they may be seen in a child whose pregnant mother had rubella (German measles) during the first 2 or 3 months of pregnancy.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

con·gen·i·tal

(kon-jen'i-tăl), Do not confuse this word with hereditary, heredofamilial, familial, or genetic.
Existing at birth, referring to certain mental or physical traits, anomalies, malformations, diseases, and like findings, which may be either hereditary or due to an influence occurring during gestation up to the moment of birth.
Synonym(s): congenitus
[L. congenitus, born with]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

congenital

(kən-jĕn′ĭ-tl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a condition that is present at birth, as a result of either heredity or environmental influences: a congenital heart defect; congenital syphilis.
2. Usage Problem Being or having an essential characteristic as if by nature; inherent or inveterate: "the congenital American optimism that denies conflicts and imagines all stories having happy endings" (Robert J. Samuelson).

con·gen′i·tal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

congenital

adjective Referring to a condition present at birth, regardless of cause.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

congenital

adjective Referring to a condition present at birth, regardless of causation
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

con·gen·i·tal

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl)
Existing at birth, referring to mental or physical traits, anomalies, malformations, or diseases, which may be either hereditary or due to an influence occurring during gestation up to the moment of birth. usage note Often misused as a synonym of hereditary.
[L. congenitus, born with]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

congenital

Present at birth and resulting from factors operating before birth. A congenital disorder need not be hereditary, although many are. Conditions acquired during fetal life are congenital as are those acquired during the process of birth.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

congenital

existing at or before birth and referring especially to defects and diseases that are environmental in origin and not inherited.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Congenital

Existing at or before birth; a condition that developed while the fetus was in utero or as a consequence of the birth process.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

congenital 

Pertaining to a condition that dates from the time of birth. It may be inherited or caused by an environmental factor. See acquired; familial; hereditary.
Millodot: Dictionary of Optometry and Visual Science, 7th edition. © 2009 Butterworth-Heinemann

con·gen·i·tal

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl) Do not confuse this word with hereditary, heredofamilial, familial, or genetic.
Existing at birth.
[L. congenitus, born with]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about Congenital

Q. What is the treatment for an arachnoid cyst? My 15 year old son has just been diagnosed with an arachnoid cyst. What is the treatment? Is an operation necessary?

A. An operation is not always necessary, it depends on the size and location of the cyst. I suggest you take your son to a neurologist or a neurosurgeon for further consult.

More discussions about Congenital
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References in periodicals archive ?
Table 3 shows correlation of degree of consanguinity with Occurrence of congenital defects which shows zero case born to parents having consanguineous marriage of degree one, followed by 21 cases and 27 cases out of total 182 cases born to parents having second and third degree of consanguineous marriage respectively.
Management of congenital defects that had cryptorchidism, the condition was unilateral and undescended testicle was subcutaneously present in inguinal region (Fig.
The drug is associated with spontaneous abortions and a spectrum of congenital defects collectively termed methotrexate embryopathy.
An omphalocele is a congenital defect of body wall in which the amnion rather than skin covers the eviscerated abdominal organs (Baird, 1993).
Although this condition can develop as a result of congenital defects, encephaloceles can also occur postsurgically.
The X-rays showed he was prone to injury due to congenital defects Klippel Feil Syndrome, fused neck bones, and scoliosis, which causes spine curvature.
This quality could be of immense value in fighting diseases that arise from congenital defects or degeneration of organs, says study coauthor Catherine M.
Rubella Risks In Pregnancy A pregnant woman who gets German Measles (rubella) puts her fetus at risk for developing congenital defects. The risks are greatest if the illness occurs during the first trimester of pregnancy, and decrease latter on.
Roberts (1971) emphasized that faulty nutrition, especially deficiencies of Vitamins, A, D and B complex and endocrine disturbances mostly of sex hormones are responsible for such congenital defects.
The US National Society of Genetic Counsellors (NSGC) report estimated the average risk as 1.7 - 2 per cent higher than the background population risk of congenital defects and 4.4 per cent higher than general risk for dying in childhood.
The results confirm earlier studies which found that folic acid prevents congenital defects like spina bifida where parts of the spinal cord are exposed.

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