Congenital


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congenital

 [kon-jen´ĭ-t'l]
existing at, and usually before, birth; referring to conditions that are present at birth, regardless of their causation. Cf. hereditary.
congenital heart defect a structural defect of the heart or great vessels or both, present at birth. Any number of defects may occur, singly or in combination. They result from improper development of the heart and blood vessels during the prenatal period. Congenital heart defects occur in about 8 to 10 of every 1000 live-born children in the United States. The most common types are tetralogy of fallot, patent ductus arteriosus, ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, transposition of great vessels, and coarctation of the aorta.

In many cases, depending on the severity of the defect and the physical condition of the patient, these congenital conditions can be treated by surgery. However, some are so minor that they do not significantly affect the action of the heart and do not require surgery. The cause of most of these conditions is unknown. Gene abnormalities account for about 5 per cent, and in a small number of other cases they may be seen in a child whose pregnant mother had rubella (German measles) during the first 2 or 3 months of pregnancy.

con·gen·i·tal

(kon-jen'i-tăl), Do not confuse this word with hereditary, heredofamilial, familial, or genetic.
Existing at birth, referring to certain mental or physical traits, anomalies, malformations, diseases, and like findings, which may be either hereditary or due to an influence occurring during gestation up to the moment of birth.
Synonym(s): congenitus
[L. congenitus, born with]

congenital

(kən-jĕn′ĭ-tl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a condition that is present at birth, as a result of either heredity or environmental influences: a congenital heart defect; congenital syphilis.
2. Usage Problem Being or having an essential characteristic as if by nature; inherent or inveterate: "the congenital American optimism that denies conflicts and imagines all stories having happy endings" (Robert J. Samuelson).

con·gen′i·tal·ly adv.

congenital

adjective Referring to a condition present at birth, regardless of cause.

congenital

adjective Referring to a condition present at birth, regardless of causation

con·gen·i·tal

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl)
Existing at birth, referring to mental or physical traits, anomalies, malformations, or diseases, which may be either hereditary or due to an influence occurring during gestation up to the moment of birth. usage note Often misused as a synonym of hereditary.
[L. congenitus, born with]

congenital

Present at birth and resulting from factors operating before birth. A congenital disorder need not be hereditary, although many are. Conditions acquired during fetal life are congenital as are those acquired during the process of birth.

congenital

existing at or before birth and referring especially to defects and diseases that are environmental in origin and not inherited.

Congenital

Existing at or before birth; a condition that developed while the fetus was in utero or as a consequence of the birth process.

congenital 

Pertaining to a condition that dates from the time of birth. It may be inherited or caused by an environmental factor. See acquired; familial; hereditary.

con·gen·i·tal

(kŏn-jen'i-tăl) Do not confuse this word with hereditary, heredofamilial, familial, or genetic.
Existing at birth.
[L. congenitus, born with]

Patient discussion about Congenital

Q. What is the treatment for an arachnoid cyst? My 15 year old son has just been diagnosed with an arachnoid cyst. What is the treatment? Is an operation necessary?

A. An operation is not always necessary, it depends on the size and location of the cyst. I suggest you take your son to a neurologist or a neurosurgeon for further consult.

More discussions about Congenital
References in periodicals archive ?
Table-I: Classification of congenital heart diseases in adult patients based upon severity of complexity.
This was the first meta-analysis to examine the relationships between paternal smoking and maternal passive smoking and risk of congenital heart defects in offspring.
Among the 68 congenital syphilis cases were one syphilitic stillbirth (1.5%) and another confirmed case (1.5%) in an infant who later died.
"Congenital heart disease is the most common congenital disorder in newborns.
The specific diagnosis of those among the nonexposed group were congenital malformation of corpus callosum (9%; 81/943), holoprosencephaly (24%; 225/943), and septooptic dysplasia (0.6%; 6/943).
Long term follow up studies are also needed to predict the associated risk factors involved in developing kidney disease (KD) in congenital heart disease patients.
'This target will not be met without addressing congenital heart disease, and we need to assist CHD patients who cannot afford this care,' said the senior surgeon.
Congenital syphilis is arbitrarily divided into early and late congenital syphilis.
No studies have been carried out in northeast India to assess the relative importance of congenital malformation and stillbirths.
Zika virus testing is recommended for infants with clinical findings consistent with congenital Zika syndrome and possible maternal Zika virus exposure during pregnancy, regardless of maternal testing results.