confirmation bias

(redirected from Confirmatory bias)

confirmation bias

(kon″fĭr-mā′shŏn)
An error in diagnostic thinking in which one sees only those patterns in the data that support one's preconceptions.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, before making a decision, executives should ask more questions of themselves and think carefully before deciding, which may reduce confirmatory bias during decision making.
First, Dr Scott repeats his statement that our position statement suffers from confirmatory bias, and fails to address the evidence base on harms and benefits of drugs that we cite.
If individuals anchor on a position, confirmatory bias can influence their search for information.
According to confirmatory bias theory (CBT), once a consumer has developed a belief, future information is interpreted to confirm that idea (Chernev 2001).
Mindful that results from previous service learning research have been criticized for being susceptible to confirmatory bias, we intentionally used open-ended questions to allow trainees to identify the most salient aspects of their learning related to diversity.
Publication prejudices: an experimental study of confirmatory bias in the peer review system.
Although at times, he seems to be influenced by a confirmatory bias, his perspectives are worthy of consideration and will resonate with many readers.
Two issues in the process of determining a directional pattern that have not been considered are confirmatory bias and illusory correlation.
The Clinical Judgment Assessment (CJA) was adapted from previous confirmatory bias studies (Haverkamp, 1993; Osmo & Rosen, 2002; Pfieffer et al.
Confirmatory Bias and Selective Information Processing
Confirmatory bias, or the tendency to seek validation of initial impressions, has been identified as particularly deleterious to effective multicultural counseling.