confirmation bias

(redirected from Confirmatory bias)

confirmation bias

(kon″fĭr-mā′shŏn)
An error in diagnostic thinking in which one sees only those patterns in the data that support one's preconceptions.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to confirmatory bias theory (CBT), once a consumer has developed a belief, future information is interpreted to confirm that idea (Chernev 2001).
Although at times, he seems to be influenced by a confirmatory bias, his perspectives are worthy of consideration and will resonate with many readers.
Two issues in the process of determining a directional pattern that have not been considered are confirmatory bias and illusory correlation.
The Clinical Judgment Assessment (CJA) was adapted from previous confirmatory bias studies (Haverkamp, 1993; Osmo & Rosen, 2002; Pfieffer et al.
researchers alike may be subject to confirmatory bias, electronic
Confirmatory bias, or the tendency to seek validation of initial impressions, has been identified as particularly deleterious to effective multicultural counseling.
Haverkamp (1993) found confirmatory bias in practice situations, and Strohmer and colleagues (Strohmer & Shivy, 1994; Strohmer et al.
pathology bias, confirmatory bias, hindsight bias, misestimation of covariance, decision heuristics, false consensus effect, and over-confidence in clinical judgment).
This confirmatory bias comes into play with fact finding reports.
The first three filters, distal attitudes, tangential attitudes, and behavioral factors, are expected to create a confirmatory bias with respect to the interpretation of structure function and disease claims, as well as their disclaimers.
209) of the pros and cons of a particular diagnosis to guard against confirmatory bias.