According to confirmatory bias
theory (CBT), once a consumer has developed a belief, future information is interpreted to confirm that idea (Chernev 2001).
Although at times, he seems to be influenced by a confirmatory bias
, his perspectives are worthy of consideration and will resonate with many readers.
Two issues in the process of determining a directional pattern that have not been considered are confirmatory bias
and illusory correlation.
The Clinical Judgment Assessment (CJA) was adapted from previous confirmatory bias
studies (Haverkamp, 1993; Osmo & Rosen, 2002; Pfieffer et al.
researchers alike may be subject to confirmatory bias
, or the tendency to seek validation of initial impressions, has been identified as particularly deleterious to effective multicultural counseling.
Alternatively, voters may display a form of confirmatory bias
Haverkamp (1993) found confirmatory bias
in practice situations, and Strohmer and colleagues (Strohmer & Shivy, 1994; Strohmer et al.
pathology bias, confirmatory bias
, hindsight bias, misestimation of covariance, decision heuristics, false consensus effect, and over-confidence in clinical judgment).
This confirmatory bias
comes into play with fact finding reports.
The first three filters, distal attitudes, tangential attitudes, and behavioral factors, are expected to create a confirmatory bias
with respect to the interpretation of structure function and disease claims, as well as their disclaimers.
209) of the pros and cons of a particular diagnosis to guard against confirmatory bias