In confirming the usefulness of the Ebers and Lieb framework the implication is that instead of computer-integrated manufacturing
, CIM, our concern should be with the wider concept of computer-integrated operations, CIO.
To economically produce customized devices, many companies, especially small startup firms, are focussing their efforts on developing computer-assisted and computer-integrated manufacturing
and design processes.
In fact, we're just back to delivering on some of what we used to call computer-integrated manufacturing
. Then we called it design for manufactur-ability.
Their reports: five years of steady spending (Heidelberg); today's "much higher" budget (KBA); "massive investment" in digital imaging and work on cost of ownership and computer-integrated manufacturing
(MAN, which bought a controlling interest in Pape + Partner Media); a focus on "more immediate" benefits, lower operating costs, and factory upgrades (TKS); product-line breadth rather than innovation (Dauphin); and continued new-technology applications that typify smaller firms (Wifag).
Part III, "Manufacturing and Machining Processes," covers computer-integrated manufacturing
, computer-aided manufacturing applied to machining operations, electroforming, hobbing, surface structuring, and other topics.
Although these all-too-familiar litanies of major business trends and issues may sound more like the next generation of management buzzwords than a description of the next-generation manufacturing economy, it is good to remember that "just-in-time delivery," "computer-integrated manufacturing
," "quality functional deployment," and "concurrent engineering" were also mere buzzwords when they were first introduced.
It is still quite rare to hear of a thermoformer with experience in computer-integrated manufacturing
Just-in-time (JIT) manufacturing, computer-integrated manufacturing
and total quality management are cases in point of successful strategic adjustment efforts.
With Computer-Integrated Manufacturing
systems, at any moment of the process, companies can track the order in terms of sizes, quantities and location.
We at Mazak are manufacturers, too, and we are a global company with a major investment in computer-integrated manufacturing
capability throughout the world, performing in the very same industry--metal working production--that our customers do.
DOC lists nine additional emerging technologies, including biotechnology, high-density data storage, and flexible computer-integrated manufacturing
. DOD lists 17 additional technologies, including machine intelligence and robotics, photonics, and superconductivity.
Nevertheless, those same managers singled out JIT and computer-integrated manufacturing
(CIM) as key practices of the future.