LGBT communities have been impacted by the rise of trends such as extremely healthy and clean eating, which can lead to orthorexia, as well as an obsession with fitness and compulsive exercising
THE WEIGH-IN The road to anorexia, bulimia, body dysmorphic disorder and compulsive exercising
is short-and the way back is long and hard.
However, the hyponatremia observed in some patients with anorexia nervosa is commonly associated with the adoption of purging behaviours (i.e., self-induced vomiting and laxative and diuretic misuse)  or excessive water intake by psychogenic polydipsia, rather than excessive compulsive exercising
Aimed at teens, this guide to fitness draws on information from periodicals, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations such as KidsHealth, the American College of Sports Medicine, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to discuss the body and the components of fitness, including nutrition, weight management, mental wellness, and sleep; creating and maintaining a fitness plan; exercise fundamentals (cardiovascular exercise, running, calisthenics, strength training, and pilates and yoga) and how to measure intensity; various team sports; activities for teens who don't like sports; sports safety; and dealing with problems like injuries, motivation, asthma, diabetes, physical disabilities, compulsive exercising
, the female athlete triad, and steroids.
Overexercising, or compulsive exercising
, can cause insomnia, bone fractures, and other problems and is an increasingly prevalent issue hitting college campuses.
Articles on disorders such as anorexia nervosa, binge eating, compulsive exercising
, and bulimia, are organized into six large themes, and discuss topics such as: genetics, body image, ethnic and cultural risks, age-specific problems, parent intervention, medical and psychological complications, pregnancy and eating disorders, group therapy, and safe weight-loss and exercise.
Comparison of eating disorder patients with and without compulsive exercising
. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 17, 413-416.
-- Anorexia nervosa in males is often accompanied by compulsive exercising
, which tends to be driven more by a desire for muscularity than a desire to lose weight, Theodore Weltzin, M.D., said at an international conference sponsored by the Academy for Eating Disorders.
Impressionable youth may internalize such comments, which in turn may trigger harmful dieting and unhealthy, compulsive exercising
(Beumont, Arthur, Russell, & Touyz, 1994).
Among the signs of compulsive exercising
are following a rigid daily exercise schedule, exercising while injured, experiencing a negative mood when unable to exercise, harboring unrealistic expectations regarding exercise, and allowing exercise to take the place of other priorities.
Anorexia athletica or compulsive exercising
: The individual is obsessed with exercising, beyond what's good for his or her health.
The young are always extremely susceptible to whatever ideal standards of beauty are being purveyed--no matter how unreachable--and many studies have shown that among teenage girls, in particular, poor body image is a factor in depression as well as in poor health habits, resulting in self-starvation or compulsive exercising
. Most recently a survey of 400 health-education majors by Rebecca Brey, a researcher at the University of Florida at Gainesville, found that 35% of the women and 19% of the men had tried to control their weight with fad diets during the previous month, with some women resorting to laxatives, fasting, and self-induced vomiting.