polysaccharide

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polysaccharide

 [pol″e-sak´ah-rīd]
a carbohydrate which, on acid hydrolysis, yields many monosaccharides.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

pol·y·sac·char·ide

(pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd),
A carbohydrate containing a large number of saccharide groups; for example, starch. Compare: oligosaccharide.
Synonym(s): glycan
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

polysaccharide

(pŏl′ē-săk′ə-rīd′) also

polysaccharid

(-rĭd) or

polysaccharose

(-rōs′, -rōz′)
n.
Any of a class of carbohydrates, such as starch and cellulose, consisting of a number of monosaccharides joined by glycosidic bonds.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

pol·y·sac·char·ide

(pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd)
A carbohydrate containing a large number of saccharide groups (e.g., starch).
Compare: oligosaccharide
Synonym(s): glycan.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

polysaccharide

A POLYMER of linked monosaccharide molecules. Thus, glycogen is a polysaccharide of glucose units. Like proteins, polysaccharides may have molecular weights of several million. The polymer is often branched. They include glycogen, starch and cellulose.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

polysaccharide

a large carbohydrate molecule with a chain-like or branched structure, made up of many MONOSACCHARIDE units joined together by CONDENSATION REACTIONS. Although most polysaccharides have a terminal monomer present as a REDUCING SUGAR, this forms only a small part of the whole molecule and thus most polysaccharides do not act as reducing sugars. Polysaccharides are insoluble and unsweet, and are important as storage molecules (e.g. STARCH, inulin and GLYCOGEN) and as reinforcing materials (e.g. CELLULOSE of plant cell walls, CHITIN of crustacean and insect cuticles).
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

pol·y·sac·char·ide

(pol'ē-sak'ă-rīd)
A carbohydrate containing a large number of saccharide groups (e.g., starch).
Synonym(s): glycan.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
HMOs are the third-most-abundant solid component in human milk, after fat and lactose, and until now these complex carbohydrates represented the largest compositional gap between human milk and infant formula.
Complex carbohydrates, as advised by Dr Mohammed to start the day with, include barley, wheat, lentils, beans and unpolished rice.
Today, for the first time ever, a team of researchers led by Robert Linhardt of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has announced in the October 9 Advanced Online Publication edition of the journal Nature Chemical Biology the sequence of a complete complex carbohydrate biopolymer.
The complex carbohydrates will provide energy, while the protein will satisfy your child's appetite for a longer period of time.
"Manufactured under the Blue Ribbon, Blue Ribbon Orchard Choice and Sun-Maid brands, our California figs are always rich in complex carbohydrates, an excellent source of dietary fiber and a wealth of essential minerals such as potassium, iron and calcium."
"I'd recommend only two portions of complex carbohydrates a day and before 12pm," said Will.
Blue Buffalo offers Blue Wilderness--a highly digestible food formulated by animal nutritionists that provides your canine partner with the optimal balance of protein, fats and healthy complex carbohydrates. Blue Wilderness is a sensible alternative to raw diets, which are less convenient to prepare and typically require additional supplements to ensure that what you are feeding your dog is nutritionally complete.
Eat complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates (apart from fruit) are all refined foods such as those made from white flour, sugar whereby all the health benefits have been removed.
Group A was told to cut fat to less than 35% of daily calories and increase complex carbohydrates to more than 50% of daily calories; Group B was told to cut fat to less than 35% of daily calories, limit sugar to 25% of daily calories, and increase complex carbohydrates to more than 50%; Group C was given general nutritional information and asked to track their nutritional intake but not given any individual advice.
Easily digested (simple) carbohydrates from processed foods like white bread can rapidly raise your blood sugar and cause spikes in insulin, but complex carbohydrates from whole grains, beans, fruits, and vegetables break down slowly in the body and help to maintain a normal blood sugar level.
Numerous studies comparing normal and tumor cells have shown that changes in complex carbohydrates, also know as glycans, on the cell correlate with cancer development.
And, to make sure the conditioning program is totally balanced and to promote recovery and provide energy between, before, during and after workouts, practices and races, the coach should be sure to include balanced menu from the basic food groups containing ample protein, complex carbohydrates, essential fatty acids, plentiful water intake for proper hydration, plus getting enough quality sleep.