compartment syndrome

(redirected from Compartment syndromes)

com·part·ment syn·drome

a condition in which increased pressure in a confined anatomic space adversely affects the circulation and threatens the function and viability of the structures therein.

compartment syndrome

(kəm-pärt′mənt)
n.
A condition characterized by increased pressure within a confined space, such as a muscle compartment, resulting in reduced blood flow, pain, and, if untreated, necrosis and functional impairment.
A symptom complex caused by ischaemia, trauma—fractures, inflammation—or infection of a closed anatomic space, resulting in compression of nerves, blood vessels, or tendons that traverse the space
Management Early therapy—fasciotomy is crucial as end-stage disease requires major reconstructive surgery to salvage function

compartment syndrome

Compressive syndrome Orthopedics A symptom complex caused by ischemia, trauma–fractures, inflammation or infection of a closed anatomic space, resulting in compression of nerves, blood vessels, or tendons that traverse the space Clinical Numbness, paresthesias, pain or loss of movement of an extremity Management Early therapy–fasciotomy is crucial as end-stage disease requires major reconstructive surgery to salvage function. See Carpal tunnel syndrome, Tarsal tunnel syndrome.

com·part·ment syn·drome

(kŏm-pahrt'mĕnt sin'drōm)
Condition in which increased intramuscular pressure in a confined anatomic space, brought on by overactivity or trauma, impedes blood flow and function of tissues within that space.
Synonym(s): compression syndrome (2) .

compartment syndrome

The effects of tissue swelling within a compartment of the body, usually the forearm or the lower leg. There is compression of the blood vessels and resulting muscle atrophy. Operation to open up the tissue planes and relieve the pressure may be urgently needed.

Compartment syndrome

Compartment syndrome is a condition in which a muscle swells but is constricted by the connective tissue around it, which cuts off blood supply to the muscle.
Mentioned in: Fractures

com·part·ment syn·drome

(kŏm-pahrt'mĕnt sin'drōm)
Condition in which increased pressure in a confined anatomic space adversely affects circulation and threatens function and viability of structures therein.
References in periodicals archive ?
This article, therefore, focusses on compartment syndromes, necrotizing fasciitis, and reflex sympathetic dystrophy (also known as complex regional pain syndrome).
Mr Jaffray described compartment syndromes as "disastrous", adding: "You have converted a stable situation into uncontrolled chaos."
There were also no significant correlations found with traumatic arthrotomies, septic joints, or compartment syndromes.
Kelham, "Acute and chronic compartment syndromes: know when to act fast," JAAPA, vol.
* Overall, maximum neurovascular injuries and compartment syndromes were seen with fractures of tibia and fibula.
The cases involve amputations/fingertip injuries, anesthesia and pain management, arthritis, burns, compartment syndromes, congenital conditions, contractures, Dupuytren contracture, fractures/dislocations/nonunions/malunions, infections/bites, infections/extracasations, instability, osteonecrosis, peripheral nerve issues, soft tissue defects, tenosynovitis, traumatic injuries to the tendon, tumors, and vascular conditions, with each case including a description of the problem, key anatomy, workup, treatment, alternatives, principles and pearls, and pitfalls.
Double-incision fasciotomy of the leg for decompression in compartment syndromes. J Bone Joint Surg Am.
Acute limb compartment syndromes. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain, 11 (1), 24-28.
An increasingly recognised complication of the resuscitation of patients with severe burns is the development of compartment syndromes, including that affecting the abdomen.
Lower leg pain: diagnosis and treatment of compartment syndromes and other pain syndromes of the leg.
These diseases include in particular compartment syndromes and stress fractures.

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