compartment syndrome


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Related to compartment syndrome: crush syndrome, Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

com·part·ment syn·drome

a condition in which increased pressure in a confined anatomic space adversely affects the circulation and threatens the function and viability of the structures therein.

compartment syndrome

(kəm-pärt′mənt)
n.
A condition characterized by increased pressure within a confined space, such as a muscle compartment, resulting in reduced blood flow, pain, and, if untreated, necrosis and functional impairment.

compartment syndrome

Etymology: L, com + partiri, to share
1 Acute: a pathological condition caused by elevation of tissue pressure within a closed space, resulting in the progressive development of compression and consequent reduction of blood supply. The compression may result from swelling within an overly restrictive dressing or cast or from nonexpansive muscle fascia. Clinical manifestations include swelling, restriction of movement, brown urine, myoglobinuria, vascular compromise, and severe pain or lack of sensation. Severe pain may appear out of proportion to the injury and is one of the earliest manifestations of this emergency situation. It can result in a permanent contracture deformity of the hand or foot, with or without a fracture. In severe cases, it can lead to necrosis and necessitate the amputation of an extremity. Treatment includes elevation, removal of restrictive dressings or casts, and potentially a surgical decompression or open fasciotomy. See also Volkmann's contracture.
2 Chronic: A pathological condition caused by elevation of tissue pressure within a closed space (compartment) during exercise. Clinical manifestations are pain in the affected extremity (usually the lower legs) and occasional numbness. Symptoms are relieved by rest and will recur with renewed exercising. This condition is not a medical emergency and is treated by eliminating the aggravating activities or limited fasciotomy.
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Anterior compartment syndrome
A symptom complex caused by ischaemia, trauma—fractures, inflammation—or infection of a closed anatomic space, resulting in compression of nerves, blood vessels, or tendons that traverse the space
Management Early therapy—fasciotomy is crucial as end-stage disease requires major reconstructive surgery to salvage function

compartment syndrome

Compressive syndrome Orthopedics A symptom complex caused by ischemia, trauma–fractures, inflammation or infection of a closed anatomic space, resulting in compression of nerves, blood vessels, or tendons that traverse the space Clinical Numbness, paresthesias, pain or loss of movement of an extremity Management Early therapy–fasciotomy is crucial as end-stage disease requires major reconstructive surgery to salvage function. See Carpal tunnel syndrome, Tarsal tunnel syndrome.

com·part·ment syn·drome

(kŏm-pahrt'mĕnt sin'drōm)
Condition in which increased intramuscular pressure in a confined anatomic space, brought on by overactivity or trauma, impedes blood flow and function of tissues within that space.
Synonym(s): compression syndrome (2) .

compartment syndrome

The effects of tissue swelling within a compartment of the body, usually the forearm or the lower leg. There is compression of the blood vessels and resulting muscle atrophy. Operation to open up the tissue planes and relieve the pressure may be urgently needed.

Compartment syndrome

Compartment syndrome is a condition in which a muscle swells but is constricted by the connective tissue around it, which cuts off blood supply to the muscle.
Mentioned in: Fractures

com·part·ment syn·drome

(kŏm-pahrt'mĕnt sin'drōm)
Condition in which increased pressure in a confined anatomic space adversely affects circulation and threatens function and viability of structures therein.

compartment

a part of the body as a whole and divided from the rest by a physical partition.

fluid compartment
that liquid part of the body excluded by cell membranes. Includes intravascular and intercellular compartments.
compartment syndrome
muscles which are contained in an aponeurotic sheath may be subjected to serious ischemia as a result of increase in the size of the muscle as a result of vigorous muscular activity.
References in periodicals archive ?
They have a relatively low complication rate, and compartment syndrome is a rarely reported problem.
Secondary abdominal compartment syndrome after severe extremity injury: are early, aggressive fluid resuscitation strategies to blame?
Although the rate of developing compartment syndrome after an open fracture is low, quoted at 9.
Lower extremity compartment syndrome in the acute care surgery paradigm: safety lessons learned.
Case 2: Acquired Hemophilia with Compartment Syndrome
Consider repositioning the patient in long procedures to reduce the risk of pressure sores, DVT formation and compartment syndrome.
The abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is the result of various physiological alterations produced by an abnormal increase of the intra-abdominal pressure.
Miller presented "Abdominal Compartment Syndrome, Ventilator Care, and 12-Lead ECG Interpretation" at the 11th Critical Care Update in Las Vegas, Nev.
QUEBEC CITY -- Intracompartmental pressure testing is the only way to definitively diagnose chronic compartment syndrome, but the test is useless without first exercising the affected muscle, said Dr.
The Eagles have lost both Brent Werner (broken collarbone) and Adam Shields (fractured pelvis) this season, and Nicki Pedersen isn't 100 per cent fit after operations on both forearms a fortnight ago to remedy a condition known as 'chronic compartment syndrome.