In each of these instances, Tennyson's changes to his source register the central concerns of both his own poetic project and the era which he, by virtue of his sensitivity to these issues, came imaginatively to dominate: a church in ruin, a society "dissolved," its artifacts dispersed, and its men left "companionless
The agony of consciousness; the Romantic agony: Midst others of less note, came one frail form, A phantom among men; companionless
As the last cloud of an expiring storm Whose thunder is its knell; he, as I guess, Had gazed on Nature's naked loveliness, Actaeon-like, and now he led astray With feeble steps o'er the world's wilderness, And his own thoughts, along that rugged way, Pursued, like raging hounds, their father and their prey.
Art thou pale for weariness Of climbing Heaven, and gazing on the earth, Wandering companionless
Among the stars that have a different birth,-- And ever changing, like a joyless eye That finds no object worth its constancy (124) --and the cosy, intimiste evocation of Hans Andersen's in "What the Moon Saw"--
The explicit context for her comment is the companionless
seclusion in which she has passed much of her life; her thoughts have remained largely unuttered because of her isolation, but "through long habit," still shape themselves into "one train" in her mind, as if being recounted to another.
Companion-piece in a companionless
world, this story begins at night and has an obstructed view outside the window, in contrast to the more natural setting of the first story.
climb to the penetralium of life exemplifies the impulse behind what Harold Bloom calls the American Religion.
Hannah is penniless and companionless
, but she remains the centre of attraction because she searches for a life beyond time and space.