As local governments continue to work to enact new ordinances to regulate community noise
, they should take a holistic approach by focusing on balancing competing tensions, pathos, and relief of both.
WHO guideline values for community noise
in specific environments, April 1999 Specific environment [L.sub.eq] [L.sub.max], [dBA] fast [dBA] Outdoor living area 55 - Dwelling, indoors 35 45 Inside bedrooms 30 45 Outside bedrooms 45 60 School class rooms and 35 - Pre-schools, indoors Pre-school bedrooms, indoors 30 45 School, playground outdoor 55 - Hospital, ward rooms, indoors 30 40 Industrial, commercial shopping 70 110 and traffic areas, indoors & outdoors Ceremonies, festivals and 100 110 entertainment events Public addresses, indoors and outdoors 85 110 Music through headphones/ earphones 85 110 Fig.
With reduction of community noise
as the focus, Francois Toulmay introduced two noise-oriented innovations from Bluecopter(R) - Blue pulse controls and Blue edge blades.
Berglund B, Lindvall T, Schwela DH (Eds.) (1999) Guidelines for Community Noise
. World Health Organization.
They can also be used outdoors for environmental noise control for construction sites and community noise
The World Health Organisation has published Guidelines for Community Noise
, which gives guideline 'The values for various environments and situations.
The improvements in physics-based noise prediction methods, high-resolution noise and flow measurement techniques, robust noise control and mitigation strategies, and novel low-noise aircraft concepts are essential to enable anticipated growth in air traffic worldwide while complying with increasingly restrictive controls on community noise
annoyance assessment in an urban agglomeration, Bratisl Lek Listy 107(5): 214-216.
(14) World Health Organization, editors Birgitta Berglund, Thomas Lindvall, and Dietrich H Schwela, Guidelines for Community Noise
(1999), available at http://www.who.
WHO Guidelines for Community Noise
. Guidelines for Community Noise
, World Health Organisation, Geneva.
World Health Organization 1995 Berglund B, Lindvall T (Eds) Community noise
Geneva, WHO Available from: www.noisesolutions.com/uploads/ images/pages/resources/pdfs/WHO%20Community %20Noise.pdf [Accessed 23 July 2008]
Standards, provisional standards, and related material are presented, both new and revised, including specifications, test methods, practices, guides, terminology, and classifications for subjects such as the application of acoustical materials and systems, community noise
, mechanical and electrical system noise, open plan spaces, sound absorption and transmission, blanket and loose fill insulation, chemical and physical properties of insulation, finishes and moisture, reflective insulation, and thermal measurement.