community-acquired pneumonia

(redirected from Community acquired pneumonia)
Also found in: Acronyms.

community-acquired pneumonia (CAP),

pneumonia caused by any organism found regularly outside the hospital; common organisms include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Mycoplasma, as opposed to hospital-acquired or nosocomical pneumonia.

community-acquired pneumonia

(kə-myo͞o′nĭ-tē-)
n.
Pneumonia that a person acquires outside of a hospital or other health care institution, as distinguished from nosocomial, or hospital-acquired pneumonia.

community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia caused by an infection currently present in the community; CAP is the most common cause of infectious death–US, and number 6 killer overall; of the 57% of CAPs in which a pathogen is identified, S pneumoniae causes 60%, H influenzae 15%, Legionella pneumophila 10-15%, Staphylococcus aureus 2-10% Clinical Atypical pneumonia with delayed recognition; early SX are distinctly nonpulmonary–eg, dry cough, myalgia, arthralgia Diagnosis Pathogens in pleural fluid or blood cultures, Pneumocystis carinii in sputum or BAL, a 4-fold ↑ in Mycoplasma pneumoniae antibody titers, isolation of L pneumophila, or a 4-fold ↑ in L pneumophila antibody titers, or positive direct fluorescent antibody test for legionella, S pneumoniae antigen in serum, urine Risk factors Alcoholism, seizure disorders, smoking, immunosuppression

community-acquired pneumonia

Pneumonia occurring in outpatients, often caused by infection with streptococcus, Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus, and atypical organisms such as Legionella species. Mortality is approximately 15% but depends on many host and pathogen features.
See also: pneumonia
References in periodicals archive ?
Community acquired pneumonia. New guidelines of the Spanish Society of Chest Diseases and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR).
Revised admission decision made for community acquired pneumonia patients with CURB-65.
Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is a frequent cause of hospital admission and mortality in elderly patients worldwide.
Defining prognostic factors in the elderly with community acquired pneumonia: a case controlled study of patients aged > or = 75 years.
Severity assessment tools to guide ICU admission in community acquired pneumonia: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
* The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Community Acquired Pneumonia
It has been implicated as the second most common cause of community acquired pneumonia (5,6), while nosocomial infection affects less than 1 per cent of hospitalized patients (7,8).
The death of the 32-year-old actress was ruled  an accident.  Murphy's primary cause of death was "community acquired pneumonia," coroner's spokesman Craig Harvey said, CNN reported.
Effect of macrolides as part of initial empiric therapy on length of stay in patients hospitalized with community acquired pneumonia. Arch Intern Med 1999; 159: 2576-2580.
Gould, "more and more commonly, we're seeing very severe respiratory disease." In the recent CDC report of 10 cases of MRSA-associated community acquired pneumonia (CAP), all isolates were positive for PVL toxin.
Ketolide use in particular "can improve the management of community acquired pneumonia in this era of pneumococcal antibiotic resistance by adding another choice to the heterogeneity of options," he said.

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