disease surveillance

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disease surveillance

In epidemiology and public health, the identification of index patients and their contacts; the detection of outbreaks and epidemics; the determination of the incidence and demographics of an illness; and the policy making that may prevent further spreading of a disease.
See also: surveillance
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
For more information, please visit the Taiwan CDC website or call the toll-free Communicable Disease Reporting and Consultation Hotline, 1922 (or 0800-001922).
In 2005, the New Jersey Department of Health established the Communicable Disease Reporting Surveillance System (CDRSS) to collect detailed information for all reportable communicable diseases from clinicians, hospitals, and laboratories.
Percentage of laboratory records for which date was recorded in communicable disease reporting system (Merlin) and time intervals were calculated for four diseases--Florida, 2002-2006 Dates recorded Laboratory Reported Symptom reported to CHD onset * ([dagger]) ([section]) Disease (%) (%) (%) Salmonellosis (N = 23,263) 81 72 96 Shigellosis (N = 8,014) 85 68 96 Meningococcal disease (N = 450) 94 75 98 Hepatitis A (N = 2,104) 96 66 99 Intervals calculated Symptom onset Laboratory Symptom onset to laboratory report to CHD to CHD report (A) notified (B) notified (C) Disease (%) (%) (%) Salmonellosis (N = 23,263) 57 68 78 Shigellosis (N = 8,014) 56 64 82 Meningococcal disease (N = 450) 70 62 92 Hepatitis A (N = 2,104) 63 59 94 * Date patient said symptoms began.
For more information about HIV/AIDS, please visit the Taiwan CDC website or call the toll-free Communicable Disease Reporting and Consultation Hotline, 1922 (or 0800-001922).
Like all US states, North Carolina has state laws and regulations mandating communicable disease reporting (2-4).
However, an additional limitation of this study was that we were unable to assess the sensitivity of ICD-9-CM codes (i.e., false-negative cases) for communicable disease reporting. Quantification of the sensitivity and PPVs of ICD-9-CM codes for communicable disease surveillance is essential in the interpretation of all ICD-9-CM data because these codes are used frequently for research studies and have been proposed as adjuncts to electronic, automated surveillance systems.
The reporting variation seen among health care systems (Figure 2) may be explained in part by health care systems' internal policies that assign the responsibility for communicable disease reporting to the infection prevention department.
For more information, please call the toll-free Communicable Disease Reporting and Consultation Hotline, 1922 (or 0800-001922).
Innovative uses for ESSENCE to improve standard communicable disease reporting practices in Miami-Dade County.

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