disease surveillance

(redirected from Communicable disease reporting)

disease surveillance

In epidemiology and public health, the identification of index patients and their contacts; the detection of outbreaks and epidemics; the determination of the incidence and demographics of an illness; and the policy making that may prevent further spreading of a disease.
See also: surveillance
References in periodicals archive ?
For more information, please call the toll-free Communicable Disease Reporting and Consultation Hotline, 1922 (or 0800-001922).
In 2005, the New Jersey Department of Health established the Communicable Disease Reporting Surveillance System (CDRSS) to collect detailed information for all reportable communicable diseases from clinicians, hospitals, and laboratories.
Percentage of laboratory records for which date was recorded in communicable disease reporting system (Merlin) and time intervals were calculated for four diseases--Florida, 2002-2006 Dates recorded Laboratory Reported Symptom reported to CHD onset * ([dagger]) ([section]) Disease (%) (%) (%) Salmonellosis (N = 23,263) 81 72 96 Shigellosis (N = 8,014) 85 68 96 Meningococcal disease (N = 450) 94 75 98 Hepatitis A (N = 2,104) 96 66 99 Intervals calculated Symptom onset Laboratory Symptom onset to laboratory report to CHD to CHD report (A) notified (B) notified (C) Disease (%) (%) (%) Salmonellosis (N = 23,263) 57 68 78 Shigellosis (N = 8,014) 56 64 82 Meningococcal disease (N = 450) 70 62 92 Hepatitis A (N = 2,104) 63 59 94 * Date patient said symptoms began.
Misys Laboratory-Disease Reporting Interface, once installed at hospitals, increases the timeliness of communicable disease reporting," said Kevin McDonald, product manager of interfacing at Misys Healthcare Systems.
Like all US states, North Carolina has state laws and regulations mandating communicable disease reporting (2-4).
false-negative cases) for communicable disease reporting.
The reporting variation seen among health care systems (Figure 2) may be explained in part by health care systems' internal policies that assign the responsibility for communicable disease reporting to the infection prevention department.
The "meaningful use" of the electronic health record for automated case-finding and data collection will transition our current public health surveillance system from passive to active and thereby overcome the major barriers to complete, accurate and timely communicable disease reporting and surveillance.
Already a leader in product offerings designed for the public health sector, the company is a co-developer with the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services of the Visual CMR system, one of the nation's most advanced communicable disease reporting and tracking systems.
Innovative uses for ESSENCE to improve standard communicable disease reporting practices in Miami-Dade County.
The Los Angeles County Health Department and Atlas Development Corporation have developed an award winning communicable disease reporting system that is speeding response and analysis by public health officials.
The system fully integrates communicable disease reporting, analysis and notification and is probably the most sophisticated in the country.

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