Treatment modalities include use of anticoagulant, catheter directed thrombolysis, stent placement, placement of filters, surgical approaches including vein patch angioplasty with excision of intraluminal bands, division of the right common iliac
artery and relocation behind the left common iliac
vein or inferior vena cava and saphenous vein graft bypass to the inferior vena cava or ipsilateral common femoral vein.2 Reestablishment of vessel patency by removing the thrombus, relieving the acute symptoms in order to prevent recurrent thrombosis and pulmonary embolism and to reserve venous valve function, thus preventing post-thrombotic syndrome is the main purpose of treatment for postpartum DVT.
artery: The common iliac
artery divides into the external and internal iliac artery.
Unfortunately, when the retractor blades were distracted, the left common iliac
artery was found in the operating field.
The common iliac
LN and para-aortic LN #2 shrank, to 15.5 [+ or -] 0.9 mm (Figure 1(n)) and 7.9 [+ or -] 0.6 mm (Figure 1(p)), respectively, but the para-aortic LN #1 did not (Figure 1(o)).
Iliac vein compression syndrome (IVCS), also known as May–Thurner syndrome or Cockett syndrome, is characterized by left common iliac
vein (LCIV) compression by the right iliac artery (RIA) and the fifth lumbar vertebra.
 However, an important consideration is the physical length of the catheter and its position relative to the common iliac
vein confluence (Fig.
Among those conservative nonsurgical procedures, the occlusion by balloon of aorta and common iliac
arteries by puncturing and entering a catheter through the femoral arteries by a radiologist, helps diminish the loss of blood during the caesarean section in case of placenta accreta [7, 8].
Conventionally, the IIA is ligated 5 cm distal to the bifurcation of the common iliac
artery as it is said to spare the posterior division and avoid gluteal ischemia and necrosis.
A stent graft (16 x 16 x 120 mm, Endurant Medtronic Endovascular, Santa Roja, CA, US) was implanted to the left common iliac
artery and ruptured iliac artery was repaired.
Injury to the common iliac
veins (CIVs) during S1 screw insertion is not a common complication, but it is serious and may be fatal [9, 10].
CT imaging revealed effacement of the left common iliac
vein by the right common iliac
arterysuggestive of May-Thurner syndrome.
The main artery was anastomosed to the common iliac