Combat Stress Reaction

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Related to Combat Stress Reaction: combat neurosis
The acute psychological trauma experienced in combat environments which can lead to combat fatigue
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Treatment strategies, which used to focus upon the PIE concept (treat with proximity, immediacy, and expectancy) (Artiss, 1963), have advanced to the concept of BICEPS (brevity, immediacy, centrality, expectancy, proximity, and simplicity) for the management of combat stress reactions (Department of the Army, 2000), a precursor of possible PTSD in the future.
Besides the more obvious physical trauma of the loss of limb(s), soldiers may suffer more invisible trauma: traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression that may lead to suicide, combat stress reactions, military sexual trauma, and substance abuse.
A stigma can come from military culture itself, society in general, or the terminology used to describe and treat combat stress reactions.

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