CTF is caused by a coltivirus that is transmitted by infected Rocky Mountain wood ticks (Dermacentor andersoni) (2).
Colorado tick fever and related Coltivirus infections [Chapter 8].
Rotavirus is nonenveloped RNA viruses belonging to the family Reoviridae, genus Rotavirus; other members of the family Reoviridae include genera such as Orthoreovirus, Orbivirus, Coltivirus
, Cypovirus, Phytoreovirus, Aquareovirus, Oryzavirus, Seadornavirus, Idoreovirus, and Mycoreovirus .
Members of the Reoviridae family are double-stranded RNA viruses with only two arboviruses in this family affecting humans--Banna virus and Coltivirus
. Banna virus contains 12 segments of nucleic acid and was first found in China in 1987.
Genotyping of the Chinese isolation of coltivirus
Reoviruses have wide host ranges and are classified into 11 genera: Orthorevirus, Obrivirus, Rotavirus, Coltivirus
, Seadornavirus, Aquareovirus, Cypovirus, Idnoreovirus, Fijivirus, Phytoreovirus, and Oryzavirus in the family Reoviridae by the International Committee for the Taxonomy of Viruses (2000).
The major arbovirus families are the Togaviridae (the genus Alphavirus), Flaviviridae (the genus Flavivirus), Bunyaviridae (all genera except Hantavirus), and Reoviridae (the genera Coltivirus
The family Reoviridae is divided into nine genera with only four (Orthoreovirus, Coltivirus
, Rotavirus, and Orbivirus) infecting humans and animals.
Other viruses isolated from Malaysian case-patients included echovirus 25, adenovirus, and coltivirus
Coltiviruses are tickborne viruses of the genus Coltivirus
. The type species, Colorado tick fever virus (from North America), has been isolated from patients with flulike syndromes, meningitis, encephalitis, and other severe complications.