There is provision for the pursuit of collective grievances arising from violations of collective contracts, but only where the trade union acts (Article 56).
However, it minimizes pressure on employers by requiring only that collective contracts adhere to minimum wages and working conditions.
Of the thirteen thousand labor disputes arbitrated in Shanghai in 2001, not a single dispute concerned a collective contract; one trade union official stated "we won't re-sign collective contracts again in three years unless we are forced to, because this thing has no meaning.
54 (stating that collective contracts are only effective if local labor administration authorities receive a copy and raise no objections within fifteen days of receipt).
However, as collective contracts will continue to be the norm and all insurers will be legally bound by them, their co-existence with selective contracts will involve challenges.
11) For other programmes, such as special outpatient care and GP-centred models, take-up has been limited and those that were developed were often financed as add-ons to the collective contracts.
Can higher labor standards negotiated into collective contracts
provide a mechanism inside the enterprise by which employees' labor rights could be better enforced?
Overtime is also negotiated in all the collective contracts
One of the most important achievements of the Commission was the signing of the "General Guidelines on the Conclusion of Collective Contracts
and Agreements in 1990.
Including firms which are not organised in employers' associations to which the collective contracts
do not apply in the absence of the Allgemeinverbindlicherklarungen.
He added : "We are nimble and responsive, and we are confident in our ability to close on our collective contracts
The key features of the plan are : Provision of funds to Cyprus Airways to enable it to implement the plan; Cut in jobs at the carrier and boost in the employees' productivity; Outsourcing of certain departments; Reductions in the staff's emoluments and removal from the collective contracts
of distortions in its mode of operation; Growth in the larger and less seasonal Greek market; Introduction of steps to enhance the product and the image and boost the carrier's revenues.